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Romanian Army Atrocities in WWII

Royal Romanian Army Atrocities

(1941 –  1944 )

Hitler’s forgotten Ally   

Der vergessener Hitlers Verbündeter

Aliatul Nazist uitat al lui Hitler 

Забытый союзник Гитлера

L’allié d’Hitler oublié

A pictorial review of Royal Romanian Army atrocities in WWII

Victory Day May 9th 1945 / May 9th 2015

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 general-dwight-eisenhower  JUKOV  monty

V-for Allied Victory but…….

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It didn’t work then and it doesn’t now

Romanian was never a nationality but someone else political instrument

Liar is one who denies  German and Axis Armies atrocities in WWII

http://www.fallen.io/ww2/

* Pictorial review of Romanian WWII Atrocities *

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WWII Mass Murderer Ion Antonescu leader of Romanian Hitlerescus and his bust errected in today’s Romania

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Foreward

I didn’t design the Blog in 2012 for Romanians and Moldavians who may like to comment , think they know better history,correct my grammer,bitch about the content or call me names,therefore I will not allow any posts and e-mails from both countries ,neither interested on their opinions because they aren’t worth a dime . The Blog was specifically created for the general public and those nostalgic families of  WW II US POW’s in Romania who may not be aware regarding the real past and current compass of Romania, the 24th NATO member. It serves as a reminder to those who forgotten the past , the forgotten victims, the barbaric warfare and the role of this nation in WWII.

I was born in Bucharest , therefore can speak the language but luckily was never a citizen of this country my family were not Bolscheviks, didn’t sympathise with communists , I am not Russian, I don’t make any propaganda for Russian Federation, Soviet Union, Israel or Zionists ,Stalinists or former WWII Allies nor created this Blog for hire. Contrary, my grand uncle (dad’s side) was Leutenant in 10th Romanian Infantery Division, badly injured near Izmail or Ziganca on the famous fierced battle with the Soviet border guards or Soviet Black Sea Marines on 22.7.1941 hospitalized in Bucharest. My other uncle was Colonel Doctor with 11th Romanian Army originally from Bessarabia. My dad worked for Syndicates of Romania, an other family member was a Tarom command pilot on IL-18. He successfully managed in the 60’s to rescue his aircraft when two engines caught fire on approach to Naples.  None of my family members were lost to Nazis or Communists or spent time in camps . As into myself I work in the Aviation Industry since 1981.

I don’t hate gipsies because they didn’t affiliate with Hitler and Antonescu nor murdered their own people . I don’t hate good Romanians ,Germans , Japanese or you name it , who understand and remorse the unexcusable crimes and roles of their Nations in WWI an WWII, however I hate Romanians who behave like gipsies and sympathise with Nazis  .The difference between Romanians and the gipsies, is that the gipsies didn’t have an Army nor an Antonescu.  This Blog does not question toady’s Romania but Romania’s past.

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My grand uncle on post WWI era ( Sergent Infanterist) he fought in Bulgaria and Italy, seen here with my mom at Sinaia and prior WWII by then already Res.Locotenent Major. By trade he was a  taylor working mainly for Officers of Royal Romanian Army . Ziganca Battle traces  1941

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This is where my uncle was interned on July 1941, Elisabeta Hospital Bucuresti  ( photos by Willy Prager)

* Dottori Strangelove *

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Hitlerescu Stalinescu , Romanescu Hitlerescu , Stalinescu Romanescu , Romanescu Antisemitescu, Romanescu Talharescu, Romanescu Shovinescu , Romanescu Idiotescu and so on……

Antonescu’s final Romanian solution “

Prelude to mass murder

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Translation of Romanian &  German inscitement propaganda posters

* Peasant Brothers *

The peasants work hard , the dirty Jews make profit out of you. The peasants working and the Communist peasants get lazy, peasant brothers, the other and the Jews make profit out of your work , the Jew millers bakers and dealers make profits  – You work hard for the Jews and politicians. Some of them upset you with lies and the other get you dizzy with drinks. They even pay your drinks with your money by increasing the cost of the merchandise you depend on.

* Christian Brothers *

The time has come to wake up ,don’t vote for those who shook hands with the dirty Jews, don’t vote for the Liberals and Peasant Party vote with the good Romanians. Vote with us the National Christian Party against those gangsters who plundered our country.

Jewish women and children in Gostynin Poland after the German invasion. jew jews2

Those who started WWII (above)

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those who suffered (above)

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And those and the two Hitlerescus Allies who will rot and fester in Hell

Example by leadership Romania 1941

None of these leaders Mr and Mrs Antonesu, Mihai and subordinates were Jews, neither von Killinger and  his German subordinates ,only the dirty Jidanii plundered Romania, fact is these leaders inspired their peasants best. The politicians beneath were caught minding their own private business interests rather the this of their Nation and their citizens.  Until war’s end one of them would commit suicide,the other along with his puppets would be executed at Jilava his wife died exiled somewhere in Romania, Mihai is still alive ,rest of the crooks are in hell anyways and yet nobody in Romania called them Jews neither any of their relatives were suffered any war atrocities. The shots beneath were taken with and at Julius Meinl Coffee empire in Bucharest, which was reinstated again in present Romania.

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If you don’t know who Max Killinger was ,then he was a Reichskommissar who along with SS R.Heydrich were ex officers of the German Imperial German Navy best Antonescu’s family friends , together with Antonescu they architected the Romanian Holocaust .He commited suicide after shooting his German mistress secretary a day after Romania turned weapons against Germany to avoid capture by the Soviet troops who were nearing Bucharest .If you still don’t know who he was , he was more of a Nazi than Hitler and one of bests friends of the other ape depicted on beneath Their remains were cremated by Red Army and spread on garbage yard in Bucharest. Those dumn Nazi had one thing in common,first they murder civilians then end up losing wars and shooting their own bullets . Here are some photos taken in Bucharest winter 1940.

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Romanian Peasant Brothers,

Don’t think you were as bad as Hitler, hated and murdered Jews, committed ethnic cleansings in Eastern Europe,after all you and your intellectual didn’t even look alike Arians, spoke German, were blue blooded nor blondes, not even your Berlin’s friends considered you real Germans. Jews bombed your villages made profits out of your work ,started wars, deported and killed themselves in concentration camps and off course you suffered from them.

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Right photo, the villa of Mihai Antonescu, second in command Nazi puppet

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Beneath :  they had their Rasputin too, a non FIFA football club, Hitler Jugend as well ,but don’t confuse them it with their Berlin’s friends coze was just a sport meeting organised for their Berlin masters in Bucharest .How could I forget the Romanian hospitality and their god given skills in baking “Savarine” even their German friends won’t forgot

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HMS – King Mihai Hochenzollern, the Camelion of Romania or Nr 1 Sides Switching Strategist

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Mihai Romanescu Hitlerescu Antonescu

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        Mihai Romanescu 

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Mihai Hitlerscu

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Mihai Americanescu Aviatorescu,OSS’cu

    9 Mai 1945 - Ziua Victoriei 13 45 pob RUMANIA (6) paral      

Mihai Stalinescu , Mihai Russescu, Miahi Romanescu,Mihai Englezcu

HMS-Mihai Hochenzollern the great Romanian hero. Pobeda order recepient for his role in dating &  defeating Hitler. Pobeda order is the rarest and most valuable world award worth 10 or more Millions Euro each. Only 20 WWII Soviet military leaders out which 4 foreign Generals along with Mihai were also awarded this order. He may have auctioned his order on 80’s or earlier. He was never on someone’s side but his own and didn’t deserve Pobeda .

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Mihai Grecescu & Swissescu

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And again Mihai Romanescu, what a mess !

His Bio book didn’t publish any of his frequent photos taken with the Nazis leaders , but those with the Russians and Romania Stalinist leaders. You can’t take this guy serious

Mihai’s example by leadership to his starving peasant brothers,shots taken summer 1943.

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Architects of Romania’s Holocaust

Introduction to Romanian War Crimes 

The Romanian Army war atrocities and pogroms in WWII were not a spontaneous outburst of murderous instincts,but the result of advance planning .They were carried out following an explicit order that was changed during the day of the pogroms ,when it has became clear that the authorities have lost control of the rioters and soldiers and the cities turned into massive slaughterhouses.  For example the Iasi pogrom and the two death trains chapters packed solid with thousands of Jews for the  purpose of annihilating them agonizingly are a horrendous ,almost an unknown chapter in the history of human suffering and the chronicle of evil in general.  This evil was manually implemented through display of blind hatred and personal involvement that went beyond the lust of murder .

Recorded was a mass outburst of hate,vented on the bluedgeoning of heads, bones and limbs and in the ecstasy in the face of flowing blood .The accompanying robbery, rape and wanton destruction were further expressions of not seeing the Jews , Russians and Gipsies as part of human races and a sense of total release from human behavioral norms.

Several days before the onset of war, during a conference that brought together the leadership of the Gendarmerie legions (units) of Romania, General C. Z. Vasiliu, general inspector of the Gendarmerie, ordered the ethnic cleansing of the land from Jews , meaning the liquidation of all Jews in rural areas, and the internment and deportation of those living in urban areas and outlaw such relligion.

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Antonescu Hitlerescu with DTM , Legionaire Sima & SSI Tobescu

Just before Romania’s entry into the war the first operational echelon of the SSI (Secret Service ) was created by King Carol II , based on orders of the Office of the President of the Council of Ministers and the Office of the Chief of Staff of the Army; its aim was to defend the rear against sabotage, espionage, and acts of terrors and the echelon was composed of about 160 men led by Col.E.Christescu. On June 18, 1941, this echelon composed of 3 teams  traveled by Army vechicles to Romnian Army Hdq  at Piatra Neamtz which also served Einsatzgruppen D  ,  Lt. Colonel Borcescu later stated that one of the unit’s secret goals had been the elimination, through deportation and repression, of the Jews throughout Moldava  .

Is worth mention that two teams members which designed the Iasi pogroms Col.Radu Dinulescu and Constantin Micandru of the 2nd  section of the general Romanian Army staff were considered Germanophilles as later on atested by their subordinates on April 2, 1947 at the Military Tribunal in Bucharest to the Chief Prosecutor.

In addition to the planning , the SSI took an active part on the Iasi’s pogrom. The SSI echelon sent 3 groups led by Captain Gheorghe Balotescu,Grigore Petrovitch , Major Emil Tulbure and Christescu .The units partcipated on the pogrom under the lead of one of the SSI directors Florin Becescu Gheorghescu who when departed Bucharest took along all Jews and Communists files supervised by SSI. Christescu along with two of his subordinates were received at the joint Hdq of Romanian Army and Einsatzgrupen D  at Piatra Neamt by Antonescu and SS-Standartenführer Otto Ohlendorfand his subordinate  SS-Obersturmführer  Heinz Schubert. The first meeting few days before the pogrom and second time on June 30 ,1941.

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After the Iasi pogrom the unit headed for Chisinau, where new versions of the Iasi massacres were prepared by the same SSI teams. The echelon also travelled to Tighina and Tiraspol  coordinated all movements with SS Einsatzgruppe D where it organized looting, and then further to Odessa , where it took part in ­ terrible massacres. Elements of the operational echelon engaged in systematic looting and murder in Bessarabia and Transnistria.

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Hitlerescu, Antonescu ,Tobescu ,Borcescu,Balotescu, Christescu ,common Romanian sounds of WWII 

While on hold to be stationed on their jobs in Bessarabia and Bukovina when the war should get under way, some of the gendarmes were stationed in Iasi, where they were on hand just in time to take part in the first actions against the city’s Jewish population. During his war crimes trial in 1946 in Bucharest, the war criminal Antonescu would try to justify the concentration and deportation of the Jewish population from Moldavia by citting a military principle which dictates that the population living close to the front line must be deported and displaced . The Romanian war criminal  also claimed that he was under pressure by his Berlin’s friends that the Jews of Moldavia be organized into ghettos. None of this explained, however, the murderous intent of the population movement imposed on the Jews, nor, indeed, why the leader of Romania would let himself pressured by another country.

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Events had begun to unfold more rapidly after Barbarossa and Muenchen ( German and Romanian ) military operations against the USSR began on June 22, 1941 . Soon thousands of Jews from rural areas of northern Moldavia were put aboard trains and then interned in the camps of Tîrgu Jiu, Craiova , Caracal, and Turnu ­Severin. On that same day a report by Colonel Constantin Chirilovici, police superintendent of Iasi , stated that some Legionnaires were taking a sort of course under the tutelage of two uniformed officers, a captain and a second Leutenant. These were apparently sessions organized by the SSI to prepare former Iron Guards for an anticipated anti-Jewish action.

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Chronology of  Soviet bombing runs 24 & 26 June 1941,Iasi & Constanza

With the fabrication of the “proof” Soviet pilots and  paratroopers are getting help from Iasi Judeo-Communists and the Romanian fabrication ” signalling psychosis ” which was a product of the Romanian pogrom planners , the military commander of Iasi ,Colonel Lupu received an order to evacuate all 45’000 Jews residents of Iasi to Targu Jiu  camp a move that could be implemented during a normal period, let alone at the time of war .Antonescu gave by telephone the permission of execution of any suspect Jews including women .

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Jews arrested by German Army at Iasi Dec 1941

On June 26,1941  in parallel to the threats expressed by Col.Stavrescu commander of the 14th Division stationed at Iasi Romanian soldiers most of them in  drunk state began plundering Jews and trorture those near their barracks .A sargent of the 13th Infantery Regiment Mircea Manoliu who was at the Regimental Hdq near Copou decided upon own initiative to murder 3 Jews who have been arrested  under the fasle pretext they signalled the Soviet bombers . His commander order their release and ordered him to escort them home.  On the way home he shot them , a day later he murdered further 6 on the same charges.    Though the first Iasi murders took place near Sculeni where Jews were ordered to dig their own graves, after a night of terror when girls were abused . 400 Jews were murdered and buried in mass graves.

On June 24,1941 the Soviet Air Force bomber regiments based in Moldova,Bessarabia & Ukraine ,45 BAP and 132 SBAP from Grossulovo and Kirowograd and later on that day the 5 SBAP and 317 RAP near Akkerman conducted two inaccurate bombing runs against Iasi producing minor damages with only a few casualties to a German garrison,though this ignited the spark the Romanian Nazis were able to mastermind it into widespread anti-Semitic hysteria, which served the Legionairs and Romanian Fascists ready for plunder and for bullies affraid to fight the Red Army but prepared to assault defenseless civilians.

Iron Guardists of Horia Sima detachments deliberately spread rumors that the entire Jewish population of Iasi coordinated the attack of Soviet Air Force bombers and then pin pointed the Soviet bomber crews where to attack the Romanian Army targets and where later the bombs were dropped  Similar bombing runs of the Black Sea Fleet 40 BAP air regiment , 2 MTAP  air torpedo regiment , 32 and 96 Fighter Air Regiments took place at the main Romanian harbor Constanza, at Tulcea, Galati and Braila,

 The next day the menace gathered strength as the municipal police department systematically contacted home owners with an invitation to paint the sign of the cross on their windows and doors so that mobs would know which homes to spare Things soon escalated  further. On June 26, 1941 this time a more devastating bombing run of 5 SBAP,45 BAP, 132 SBAP and 211 BAP Soviet VVS air regiments took place, hitting the headquarters of the 14th ­Infantry Division,the telephone company, and St. Spiridon Hospital where some sources claimed 600 people were killed (including 38 Jews); other sources give a figure of 111 killed and hundreds wounded. This new bombing run further fueled the anti-Semitic fever. Romanian military reports claimed that Jews from Iasi had been found among the Soviet air force crews that had been shot down. Soviet paratroopers and saboteurs were allegedly active in the city. Anti-Semitic activists and opportunists exploited such kindling to stoke the fire.

REMARKS

In fact on June 26,1941 the Soviet Air Force Regiments of South Western Front ( Odessa & Kirowograd Air Divisions ) raided Iasi , out of 63 planes attacking Iasi and the nearby airfield 14 bombers were lost, alone the 132 SBAP lost 13 bombers and 45 BAP one, only one crew survived .The pilot , navigator and gunner were captured injured .This was the crew of Flt.Sgt.Ponomarev from 132 SBAP from Kirowograd, hospitalised then later handed over by the Iasi’s mayor to local SS . All 3 crew members were pure Russians Ponomarev would die in summer of 1942 at Stalag XVII A due bad treatment followed by illness, rest of the crew’s fate is unknown. Soviet bombings of Constanza, Tulcea, Galati and Braila took place at daylight .

On his testemony given by the pilot Sgt. Ponomarev to Luftflotte IV ,he cited navigational problems, poor pilot training for this type of missions, lack of adequate food and allowances for the aircrews and poor intelligence as into  Iasi airfield and Luftwaffe combat status on that day mainly and foremost the Iasi bomb rungs were planned  daylight and by good visibility rather at night, while the Jews were still blammed for having used flashlights to signal the crews.

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Band 2  JG 77 1941 – 1942  Clearly determines that the skilled Romanians liars and against all odds have lied again as into the Jewish involvement on Iasi bombings June 26,1941, read about the Gleiwitz incident in 1939, is has lost of paralles with the Antonescu’s lies .

Irronically,the main reason for VVS high losses was obsolete recon ,lack of proper ground intel no updated target data banks mainly poor escort during bombing run.  The last recon was flown by a SU-2  of 211 BAP  on 23.6.41 which returned to Yaloveni with no reliable photos due to obscured targets while dropping leaflets . On 26.6.41 the target of 132 SBAP & 45 BAP was Iasi airfield , instead due to navigational error they bombed the city,telephone company an Army garrison ended up intercepted by JG 77 stationed at Iasi airfield then hit by German and Romanian AA batteries. The German claims were slightly higher than in reality.

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SU-2 at Yaloveni and Kotovsk prepared for leaflet drops, Soviet border regiment near Iasi

 Only 45 BAP could reach and hit Iasi airfield. Four months later Antonescu will again use the Jews as scapegoates for his dark purposes when the Romanian Hdq Odessa will be blown up by NKVD saboteurs ( check my other chapter) . Irronically on Aug 1, 1943 on the low level raid to Ploesti by 9th Air Force form Libya 67 % of the US airmen were Jewish and on the high level missions to Romania in 1944 , 45 % of the 15th Air Force airmen were Jewish some of whom even had relatives in Romania One airman was of Romanian origin. Though then Romania was on the loser’s side, interestingly Antonescu didn’t really care much about the Jews anymore .

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132nd SBAP Kirowograd ,Flt.Sgt. Ponomarev’s SB crash near Iasi

That same day soldiers from the 14th Romanian Division were in Iasi , ­including a company of one hundred men from the division’s 13 Regiment and a battalion of 300 gendarmes. Another 350 policemen were in transit from other localities, ready for action not only in Iasi but also in Bessarabia and Bukovina . German troops belonging to the 198th Division of the 13 Army Corps Heeresgruppe Süd as well as SS Einsatzgrupped Ost D troops under same command, were also ready for action against Jewish population.  As important as the Soviet attacks may have been in setting off the ­violence, the still more important fact is that government officialsled by Ion and Mihai Antonescu had been plotting against the Jewish community for several days.

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Few days later, Antonescu himself presented various pilots of JG 77 during a ceremony at Iasi airfield the “Virtutea Aeronautica Romana * with swords class 1 in gold for not letting the Jews of Iasi communicating with Soviet VVS bomber pilots during the June 26,1941 raid . Meanwhile, the Jews of Iasi were further  massacred for having cooperated with VVS aircrews.

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June 26,1941 and  therefore marks the real beginning of the Iasi pogroms. On that same day five unidentified Jews were sent as bomb squads to locate unexploded bombs in the courtyard of the same headquarters. Although they had been sent by Commissioner Nicolae Craciun of the 5th Police dstrict they were not released after the task. That afternoon the leaders of the Jewish community were summoned at Central Police Headquarters, and the Jews of Iasi were accused of having collaborated with Soviet Jewish bomber crew members. What followed was beating and torture . The photos below depicting the unfolding events.

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Police Superintendent T.Chirilovici ordered that within the next forty-eight hours Jews had to hand over to the police all binoculars, flashlights, and photographic equipment. The 132 SBAP and 54 BAP Soviet SB-2 and SB bombers were not even equipped with transcievers (radios) and only the leaders had operational ADF homing receivers on board this is as far as the Soviet VVS modernisaton was concerned.Those who really operated radios at Iasi were only the Germans and Romanians . Perhaps important to mention that 20,21 and 45 Air Divisions were not not caught by surprise on June 22,41 due previous maneuvers which took place shortly before the war at Odessa Military District .

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Above: National Romanian heros, WWII mass murderers Romanian Infantery Brigades & Iasi Jandarmerie

On Friday 27 June 1941 sporadic rifle fire could be heard throughout the city; the most significant events of the day represented various overt and covert preparations for a pogrom. Nevertheless, the day did not end without the spilling of Jewish blood. Undoubtedly the Soviets parachuted into Romania at nights saboteurs flown by 7th OAP  from Kiev though this had nothing to do with the Iasi’s Jewish community and all Soviets were arrested by the Romanian Jandarmerie.

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Einsatzgruppen D and  SS Panzergrenadier Div.Grossdeutschland started their crusades from Romania

Romanian Army Pogroms unfolding

About 1/3  of the cities Jews , over 14’000  people were murdered in the Iasi Pogrom,most of them over a two day period June 29 through June 30, 1941.  The study is not the first begining of my efforts to clarify one of the greatest crimes of Romania’s Fascist regime, it was preceded by earlier articles on the Allied air campaigns over Romania in 1941, 1942, 1943 and 1944 .The processing of this multitude material and preparations of the study took over 10 years . The critical questions which guided my research

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1. Were the Romanian Army Pogroms and War Atrocities on the occupied territories (USSR) planned by the Nazis ,like other act of murder carried out by them in the begining of WWII by the Einsatzgruppen from Romania through Black Sea and Stalingrad ?

2. Were these German – Romanian co-production , considering the fact that the Romanian regime ,too adopted  the measures to annihilate Jews, Russians , POW’s, Communist insurgents  and Gipsies ?

The conclussions on the aftermath of my research reading and considerations, were unequivocal and to my surprise yielded negative answers as into both questions above that have troubeled me for years.

The Iasi ,Chisinau, Tiraspol, Balti, Balta, Yampol ,Cernauti, Nikolaev , Odessa and Crimeans pogroms were mainly and foremost architected by the Romanians , the Iasi , Balti,Balta and Dhalnik completely a Romanian product by the direct ordr of Ion Antonescu . The Iasi,Balti,Chisinau, Cernauti and Dhalnik Odessa pogroms to begin with were based on Antonescu’s regime decision to exterminate on large scale in Romanian cities which have symbolized Jewish existence in Romania for Romanian nationalits and and antisemites  since 100 years. As into the second question German Army units stationed at Iasi, Balti , Chisinau, Cernauti , Tiraspol helpped Romanian Army carry out the pogroms based on prior understanding with the German troops on these cities.  The madogs murderers of Einsatzgruppen-D  did not participate and were not yet  fully deployed at Iasi so to speak.

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The Iasi ,Chisinau, Tiraspol, Balti, Balta, Griogoripol ,Cernauti and  Odessa were Romanian productions with German assistance, that of a larger ally to a smaller one to help realizing its antisemitic phantasies .The initiative and planning were solely those of Romania . Explicit orders from Ion Antonescu were behind all these pogroms.Different civilian and military authorities in all their branches- the General Staff of Romanian Army, the Special Information Service (SSI) the Ministry of Interior,highest chain of command of Police and Jandarmerie actively dealt with the planning and carrying out the pogroms ,looting and capture of Jewish property.

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On Saturday morning, June 28, a group of 30 soldiers from the 13th and 24tn Artillery Regiments abused and robbed several Jews on the pretext that they were looking for a ground to air wireless transmitter set. German soldiers got in on the action in the Tatarasi neighborhood, on Rachiti Street , around the slaughterhouse, and on Aurel Vlaicu and Vasile Lupu Streets. The police superintendent arrived with the garrison commander, the city’s chief prosecutor, the military prosecutor of the 14th Division, and a platoon of gendarmes to investigate.

ROMANIAN 1941 DATES

Meanwhile, freshly printed posters incited the citizenry of Iasi to take matters into their own hands which states : romanians! for each “Jidan ” that you kill, you liquidate a communist. the moment for revenge has come. Civilians joined men in uniform to terrorize the Jews. That evening Police Inspector Gheorghe Leahu ordered the Iasi police not to interfere with what the army is carrying out inside the city.

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Jandarmerie compound  Iasi June 29, 1941 when some 500 Jews were machine gunned by the 13 Infantery Reg

At 9 o’clock in the evening a Soviet VVS SU-2 recon aircraft of 211 BAP dispatched from Yaloveni dropped several flares, followed immediately by anti aircraft fire of different calibers. Panic spread among troops heading for the front. There was shooting, military units were deployed and returned fire,but there were no casualties, and no bullet holes were found on the walls of houses the next day. Shells from old-fashioned hunting weapons, however, were found.

Rumors of Soviet paratroopers spread. Soon groups of Romanian and German soldiers, gendarmes, and civilians took advantage of such rumors to justify the widespread assaults on the Jews that began the robbery and mayhem to which they gave themselves over for the rest of the night.

The Romanian authorities, steeped in the anti-Semitism of their culture (and some sympathizing with the mob), did nothing to restore order. Many were inclined to blame the Jewish victims.

The following day shots could be heard throughout Iasi as civilians in uniforms shot Jews. Other Jews were lined up and marched through the neighborhoods to Central Police Headquarters. Some columns stopped at the National Lyceum, the Mountains Regiment site (Dorobanti) , the Wachtel School , and the Regional Police Inspectorate, but all were eventually herded to central headquarters; men constituted the majority of these parties, but they also included women, children, and senior citizens, many still in their pajamas.

Beaten and bruised, they were forced to march in step, arms raised above their heads. Their captors, Romanians and Germans, as well as the mobs lining their path, spat on them; pelted them with rocks and bottles; and struck them with sticks, bars, and rifle butts. Those who could not walk because of injury or ailment were shot, so that the streets were soon strewn with corpses.

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Many of the perpetrators of these crimes apparently were motivated not so much by the lust for blood as the lust for lucre. After chasing Jews away, the mob looted their homes. Often the civilians, emboldened by the company of soldiers, gendarmes, and policemen, proved the most violent pogromists; very often they were armed, highly unusual for Romanian workers or peasants in peacetime or wartime.

German and Romanian, policeman and robber, civilian and soldier, the rioters soon transformed the streets of Iasi into Brueghel canvases. Survivors of the Jewish groups that were led to police headquarters later recorded the visions that accompanied their passage: those who left the Fifth Police Precinct at 5:00 p.m. were greeted by the corpse of an old man on Apeduct Street, a few paces beyond that of a child; in front of the Chamber of Commerce building and the Ghemul Verde Store on Cuza-Vodä Street, two heaps of dead people awaited them. Another group of Jews being marched down Smîrdan Street by soldiers ran into an old Jew coming from Central Police Headquarters bearing the pass marked free, to prove to vigilantes that he had already been cleared of suspicion, just in time to witness his murder by a German soldier unconvinced of his clearance.

History may judge the Romanians kind in comparison with the Germans in occupied Poland or Ukraine , for two Romanian officers persuaded the guards of Isidor Sulemer’s group to let their people go. Others slated for the police station roundup managed to escape by bribing their Romanian guards. However, to characterize all these Romanians as kinder than their German counterparts would be to deny them their due.

Some massacres in the making miscarried at the last minute: a ­convoy of 800 to 1000 men was forced to lie facedown along several large trenches near the bank of the Bahlui River . There many were beaten by some laborers, clerical employees, and shopkeepers. But these Jews got off easy: their tormentors were forced to satisfy themselves with merely drowning a rabbi from Buhusi. Police Chief Chirilovici ordered a sergeant who was about to shoot some of the Jews to release them and thereby defused this particular situation.

The director of the Dacia Mill, Grigore Porfir (later recognized by Israel as a righteous gentile), managed to save about one hundred Jews working at his business; doing so despite the fact that soldiers threatened to kill him if he interfered in their anti-­Semitic revelry. The pharmacist Beceanu saved dozens of Jews at similar great peril to his own life. Commissar Suvei of the Second Police district freed a group of 350 being herded toward Central Police Headquarters, and Commissar Mircescu and Police Officer Sava saved many Jews by advising them to leave their homes or taking them into protective custody.

But other rescuers fared less well. An engineer by the name of Naum, known to his friends as something of a left-wing activist, tried to protect a Jew who was about to be killed on Päcurari Street; a Romanian Army officer gunned him down too with the cry, Die, you dog, with the Jew you’re protecting.

And all this time very large numbers of Jews were being corralled into the courtyard of Central Police Headquarters. One official report of 9:30 a.m. had one thousand people in the courtyard, though its author confessed that we do not know all the details. And yet a report signed by Chirilovici said that there were already close to 1,800 on hand by 9:00. The superintendent of the Iasi police counted 3,500 at noon, a figure District Prefect Dumitru Captaru gave the Ministry of the Interior at 1:00 p.m. Chirilovici estimated that by sunset some five thousand Jews had been arrested.

General Stavrescu, commander of the 14th Infantry Division, appeared at the courtyard of the station several times during the course of that day, indicating the involvement of the highest military authorities. By 11:00 a.m. Police Commissars Dumitru Iancu and Titus Rahoveanu had begun the process of sorting the arrestees, by identification papers, by their looks, or by whatever criteria struck them and their assistants as valid. Between two hundred and two thousand individuals, most of them women, were released with papers identifying them as having been cleared. Some made their way safely home, others were slaughtered before they got there, and still others were rearrested and brought back. Ironically, just as some Jews were leaving the courtyard, slews of others were arriving. Indeed, many came of their own free will, hoping for the now famous ticket bearing the word free with which they hoped to ward off the numerous self-appointed street patrols.

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Gen.Staverscu

But around noon SS troops of Einsatzgrupped D and other German SS soldiers created a perimeter stretching along Vasile Alecsandri, Cuza-Voda, Bratianu, and Piata Unirii Streets to funnel the rows of Jews entering the courtyard. By 1:30 , Romanian gendarmes and policemen had joined them, as had civilian volunteers. All were armed with iron bars or sticks, with which they struck the Jews with all their might, primarily on the head. According to witnesses, by midafternoon the situation seemed to have escaped all control. Around 2:00 p.m. the captors opened fire on their prisoners with machine guns, other automatic weapons, and hunting rifles. One of these was the Legionnaire Dumitru Dumitriu, who owned an adjoining mechanic shop.

A crowd of panicked Jews broke through the enclosure and sought refuge in buildings and alleys around the nearby Sidoli Movie Theater. They were mercilessly hunted down and liquidated, as one of the leaders of the Iasi Jewish community later reported.

The corpses at the police station and in the neighboring streets were then relieved of watches, pens, and anything else of value. The massacre at the station and in the streets continued intermittently until around 6:00 that evening, easing off somewhat after the arrival of General Stavrescu at 4:30 . It is not known exactly why the killing slowed down and stopped, but according to Police Inspector Leahu, at the time the massacre began about 2,500 Jews had already been gathered and taken to the train station indicating that earlier plans for these Jews had already been implemented before the pogrom started.

It is difficult to estimate the number of victims of the Iasi pogrom. The moderate estimate of Mircu suggests nine hundred were killed. The day after the police reported only three hundred. A more forthright estimate comes from the witness Captain Constantin Darie: three thousand to four thousand Jews killed or injured.

We know that at least 254 were buried in mass graves in the Jewish cemetery soon after the events of the pogrom, but we don’t know how many more and how many elsewhere. The bodies were slowly removed in four trucks and a couple dozen horse carts over a two-day period. Uncounted corpses were simply taken to the garbage dumps of Copou District, though not abandoned until stripped of their clothes. Many mortally injured were tossed in with the corpses, but if a few here and a few there walked away or were quietly saved, it seems unlikely that the overall numbers would be very different. To these totals must be added the tallies from other less well-documented slaughters at the waterworks and the electrical plant. We do not know the number of these victims.

During the afternoon of Sunday, June 29,1941  the decision was made to evacuate the Iasi Jews who were being held as suspects at the police station. Thus did the transfer of some 2,500 Jews who had survived the massacre get under way. Their movement to the train station began at 8:00 p.m. One police subinspector, two police officers, two police section chiefs, and twenty patrolmen escorted several convoys, bolstered by a group of German officers and soldiers with two tanks and two motorcycles. After a lengthy head count during which the guards made the Jews lie facedown on the ground, their captors packed them onto an ordinary freight train. During the boarding the German soldiers crammed the greatest possible number of suspects into each berth, though the train was not scheduled to depart until early Monday morning.

At around 4:00 a.m. on June 30, another contingent of 1,900 Jews formed at the police station, to be loaded onto a second train. A summary report sent by Captaru at 9:20 a.m. referred to the fact that Mihai Antonescu (Ministry of the Interior) were behind the project. The destination of the trains and what became of their unhappy passengers will become clear presently, but the continued events in Iasi must detain us for the moment.

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The lawyer Mihai Antonescu ,behind his boss Ion Antonescu

For the bloodletting of the twenty-ninth had only tapered off on the thirtieth: it did not cease. Dawn found forced laborers toiling to bury the previous day’s corpsesalong with moribunds who were just going to die anyway in the mass graves previously prepared at the Jewish cemetery. Labor to bury all of the dead was unavailable; the crowds so enthusiastic for beatings and robbery were nowhere to be found when heavy, less emotionally satisfying work required doing. Mircu tells us that the Germans forced temporary Jewish funerary workers to throw corpses into the Bahlui River , along with, again, some of the mortally injured. According to the same testimony, as late as six in the evening that night, the killing was still going on.

While this work was going on, yet more ghastly events continued elsewhere. It seems that sometime on Monday one hundred Jews who had earlier been set to hard labor at the tramway electrical plant disappeared without a trace. The massacre continued throughout Monday in various parts of the city, less impressive in scale than Sunday’s efforts but producing a hefty total of fifty dead, not including those at the power plant. Nearly half of this figure derives from one incident, triggered around 1:00 p.m. , when a group of tank crewmen claimed that they had come under rifle fire near the pharmacy on Bratianu Street . Some reports say the tank was German, others Romanian. Regardless, it is known that these men searched the building, assembled eighteen or twenty Jews in St. Spiridon Square , forced them to lie on the ground, and then murdered them with the tank’s machine gun. So too, as the garbage crews carted away corpses and municipal crews washed blood from the streets, did the photographer’s lens surprise a new group of Jews set to cleaning, stone by stone, the courtyard of Central Police Headquarters.

No further episodes took place that day in the city of Iasi . The deportees on the two trains, however, continued to die.

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Above :  Before

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Above :  After ,  the Judgement Day  Focsani , Iasi 1944

Antonescu’s death trains Iasi ( Romania)  1941

The Iasi pogrom was planned by the same bodies that prepared the annihilation of Jews in Bessarabia and Norther Bukovina those who formulated the order for *cleasing the ground ” given to Jandarmeries and “special orders ” to the Army units . Those who planned to incite the peasants against the Jews even before conquering the  area. Knowing how the  extermination of the Jews was planned and how the survivors were deported to Transnistria ,its easier to understand on how the Iasi pogrom secret planning was concieved .

On the eve of the war against Soviet Union some 100,000 people inhabited the city of Iasi , 50,000 of them Jews. Since the city was near the the Soviet border, it became the center of many of the anti-Semitic measures that accompanied plans to join Germany ‘s invasion of the USSR . Several days before Romania joined the war Ion Antonescu ordered the compilation of lists of jalled Jews, Communist agents, or sympathizers in each region.More ominously, by his Order No. 4147, issued at approximately the same time, he initiated preparations for the expulsion of all Jews aged eighteen to sixty from villages located between the Siret and Prut Rivers and their confinement in the camp established at Tîrgu Jiu in Walachia several years earlier for political opponents. Two trains departed from Iasi, Romania on June 30, 1941 bearing the survivors of the pogrom that took place in the city on June 28-29, 1941. One of the trains traveled to Calarasi, while the other was destined for Podul Iloaiei. Both evacuation transports were in fact freight and cattle trains not intended to transport human being an action deliberately doctored by Antonescu and his clan which resulted in the deaths of hundreds of Jews, who succumbed to heat exhaustion, suffocation, dehydration and suicide during the journey aboard crowded, unventilated freight cars in the heat of the summer. During the Iasi pogrom Romanian soldiers, police, and German SS Einsatzgruppe D rounded-up some 5,000 Jews and herded them into the courtyard of the city’s police headquarters. Nearly half of them were shot or beaten to death in a massacre that began on June 29,1941

The evil murder continued throughout the afternoon even after a decision had been made by Police Chief Chirlovici to “evacuate from Jasi those Jews who had been detained as suspects at police headquarters.” In the evening the survivors (numbering between 2,430 and 2,590 people) were marched to the local train station, where they endured deliberate rollcall procedure before being loaded onto freight cars. Between 80 and 200 Jews, including many who were wounded, were crowded into each of the railcars (numbering between 33 and 39). The Romanian criminals then nailed shut the narrow ventilation slats in the cars. The train was decorated on the outside with slogans identifying the cargo as ” Bolshevik Jews” and “Killers of German and Romanian soldiers.” The train, under the command of Sergeant Ion Leucea and a detachment of Romanian police, finally departed from Iasi in the early morning hours of June 30.  The photos beneath are just a few out of these events

Motiv 2 von 2Aufnahmedatum: September 1941Systematik: Geschichte / Weltkrieg II / Sowjetunion / Besatzungszeit / Deutsche Seite / Judenverfolgung / allgemein  iasi1  iasssi death train2 iasi7dthtrain iasipodul iloaei  iasiiasi22iasi2ias555 Image.aspx tren1  tren1w tren1w1wgwss  tran8 tren

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For the next 17 hours the death train traveled a circuitous route to Tirgu Frumos, Pascani, Lespezi, back to Pascani, then on to Roman, and finally, back to Targu Frumos, where it halted temporarily. By this time hundreds had died. Three or four of the railcars were opened to remove the dead. The approximately 200 survivors found in the opened cars were escorted by Police Commissar Ion Botez and his guards to a nearby synagogue.
Those who tried to quench their thirst by drinking from puddles on the road were shot by Botez, while villagers were threatened with the death penalty if they offered aid to the Jews. Once they reached the synagogue the captives were subjected to further beatings and theft of their remaining personal possessions.
On July 1,1941 authority over the train was transferred to Second Lieutenant Aurel Triandaf, who ordered that the remaining railcars be opened and the corpses removed. Because the Jewish survivors were too weak, local Gypsies (other than Romanians )were brought in to unload the bodies. As remunaration they were allowed to take personal belongings and clothing and other valuables from the dead.
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Pogroms at Cernauti along with war criminal Antonescu also Generals Avramescu and Dragalina

More than 650 bodies were piled onto trucks and carts and taken to the local Jewish cemetery, where large trenches were dug to serve as mass graves. The largest of the trenches had been started on June 29, one day before the train arrived. After the bodies were deposited in the graves, they were doused with a flammable liquid and set on fire. Those Jews who had survived the journey to Targu Frumos were at first denied any food or water by their Romanian and German guards, but after a while some supplies were distributed. In the late afternoon of July 1, the death train resumed its journey to Calarasi. The train made numerous stops. On July 2 it arrived in Mircesti, where 327 corpses were unloaded and buried on the outskirts of the town of Iugani. The following day, the transport passed through Sabaoani and continued on to Roman. When the train was not permitted into the Roman station because of the stench emanating from the railcars, it was sent back to Sabaoani.

There, another 300 corpses were removed and the surviving passengers were examined by a team of military doctors, who ordered that they be given water. The train then returned to Roman, where 55 more bodies were unloaded and some of the survivors were washed and deloused. Several more stops were made before the train reached its final destination on July 6. Only 1,076 of the captives survived the journey. In Calarasi the Jews were interned in a makeshift camp set up in the courtyard of the 23rd Infantry Regiment. Many more died in the two months they remained in the camp before being escorted back to Iasi. The second death train also departed Iasi early on June 30. This transport carried 1,902 Jews who were packed into 18 railcars, along with 80 corpses of those who had been killed earlier. The train took eight hours to reach its final destination at Podul Iloaei, only 20 km from Iasi. As with the first train, hundreds died along the way. Only 708 of the captives reached Podul Iloaei, where they were confined to synagogues or assigned to private Jewish homes. The survivors remained between one and three months before being allowed to return to Iasi.

                      Antonesc’s death squads (Moldova) 1941

 By the end of July 1941, the regular Whermacht units and SS Einsatz Gruppe Ost left Bălţi ( Beltzi ) leaving the Jews’ lives in the hands of the Romanians. The official order to murder the Jews of Bessarabia , Moldova, Bukovina and South West Ukraine was issued by the Marsh. Ion Antonescu himself . In order to carry out such mission he appointed the Gendarmerie, under the command of the ministry of the interior, as well as the army civil administration, known as “Pretoria.” General Ion Topor, “Supreme Commander of the Pretoria” and commander of the Gendarmerie units in the liberated territories, was given clear orders regarding how to treat Jews, communists and Soviet officials found in Romanian territory: send all the pro-communist Romanians and Ukrainians across the Dniester River, and exterminate all the “minoritari” (a colloquial word for Jews) in the same category.

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                  Gen.Topor       Balti 1941          D.I.Popescu      Einsatzgruppe D      Balti ’41      Chisinau                         

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Minutes after these shots were taken, the regular Soviet Army reservists POW’s would be shot by Einsatzgruppe D on Chisinau’s street . Their single crime, they resisted the Germans and Romanestis invasion.

The Romanian policy was carried out in Bălţi by Capitan Ion Gradu, Major Fălescu, military police chief, Dimitre Agape, head of the police Moria Filipescu and detective agent Vassili Sprinciglo. Gradu brought the Jews of Bălţi to a camp set up in the Răuţel Forest, 12 km from the town. There they were imprisoned in extremely crowded conditions, in dilapidated buildings surrounded by a barbed wire fence and armed soldiers. Disease and hunger rapidly spread, and many died. They were not allowed to buy food from the farmers nearby. The mayor of Bălţi, Judge Artseliano, sent the exiled Jews daily sacks of cornflour, oil and vegetables.

On 6 September 1941, some 9,000 Jews, the last of those from the camps in the Beltzy region, were sent to the Mărculeşti Camp. The prisoners included 2,800 Jews from Bălţi that had been imprisoned at Răuţel. This was a journey by foot of 40 km under careful guard. They were given no food on the journey, and the gendarmes even forbade residents of the villages they passed through to give them water. Their entry into the camp was accompanied by the theft of any property they had on them.   The refugees from the Răuţel Camp came to Mărculeşti … they murdered the rabbi and others on Yom Kippur. In the evening they took out some 1,500 Jews from their homes, brought them to the fields and shot them. Just one, Margolis, fled and survived… after two days they marched more people from the camp towards Râbniţa for forced labor. Some of them died along the way.

For the few days after the Jews arrived at Mărculeşti until their deportation to Transnistria across the Dniester River, they were put to work at the camp and made to dig up gravestones in the Jewish cemetery to pave a road in the camp. They worked under a torrent of beatings. Many of the Jews died. Young Jewish women were taken by force by Romanian army officers. Those that fought off their rapists were tortured and murdered. 

On 10 September, General Topor gave an order that the Jews at Mărculeşti be deported to Transnistria in transports of 1,600 people at a time. On 19 October 1941, Antonescu rejected the request of Wilhelm Filderman, leader of the Romanian Jewish community, to halt the liquidation of Jews in Bessarabia and Bukovina, justifying his decision with their “behavior” during the retreat of Romanian forces in the summer of 1940: “Before the Soviet forces had even arrived, the Jews  from Bessarabia and Bukovina spat on our officers, ripped their shirts, tore off their uniforms and when they could, killed the soldiers with clubs. The war criminal Antonescu continued to justify the actions in this manner after he was found guilty of cooperating in the murder of the Jews of Europe in Romanian national trials, never utilizing Nazi antisemitic ideology.

At the end of October, the deportations began. The Jews were sent in two different directions, one via Cosăuţi in the north, and the other via Rezina in the south. No records were made. Before they left the camp, all personal documentation was taken from the Jews and burned to cinders. The convoys were put together arbitrarily, and family members were torn apart. The deportees were robbed by their escorts, as well as by farmers along the entire route. They marched 30 km every day, without rest or water. Many Jews were shot or collapsed along the way. They were counted at the riverbank. Crossing the river was itself a death trap. On the other side stood Transnistrian gendarmes who took out their rage on the wretched Jews.  We walked. We walked for close to three weeks. Some nights we slept under the stars. As the days passed, the escorting guards grew more and more impatient, and began beating us with clubs and even shooting those lagging behind. Those that collapsed were left at the side of the road, and anyone that tried to help them was shot too. Slowly we began to notice what looked like people sleeping in the ditches at the sides of the road. But they were not sleeping – most of them had died and next to them were small packages.   Alright , now take a look below at the contrasts

Early Massacres in Bessarabia and Bukovina

The Iasi pogrom was no isolated episode. Romanian military units, Romanian gendarmes, and Romanian as well as Ukrainian peasants murdered Jews in many places during the following weeks.

At the very end of June 1941Ion Antonescu had issued the instructions that gave the go-ahead to numerous central and local authorities to establish what was in effect a state of emergency in regard to the treatment of the Jewish population. What this meant essentially was that as far as the government was concerned, the Jews were outside the protection of the law. That the source of this stance of the Romanian government at all levels was indeed Antonescu himself becomes apparent in such documents as his order subjecting the Jews in principle to martial law, forbidding them to leave their homes between the hours of 6:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.

His order also mandated rounding up Jews and concentrating them in appropriate larger buildings. To keep the most suspect Jews under observation and to punish immediately any signs of trouble, Antonescu’s order insisted on the taking of hostages from among the Jewish leadership, to be immediately executed in the event of any civil rebellion. The army transmitted this order to units stationed in various localities on June 30, as did the Ministry of the Interior to the police prefectures.

Bessarabia  whsol bessarbai bessarbia pow  pows (2)

ketrzch 7pow bessarbia besarb luftw1rom romas

Nearly two weeks earlier other governmental agencies had already undertaken administrative initiatives that similarly placed the Jews outside the protection of the law. On June 17 and 18, 1941, the leadership of the gendarmerie organized regional conferences in Galati and in Roman, at which the inspector general of the gendarmerie, General C. Z. Vasiliu, ordered local agencies to cleanse the land of Jews, entailing the extermination on site of all Jews found in rural areas, concentration into ghettos of all Jews in the towns, and the arrest of all suspects, Communist party members, and those who had held office under the brief Soviet regime. Though the order in some regions was transmitted downward in writing, in others regional bosses orally conveyed it to their subordinates, possibly to make sure that the spirit of the order is what got through rather than its letter: few were willing to leave a paper trail connecting themselves directly to the events most had reason to know would soon take place. Elsewhere, Vasiliu himself amplified his point: the government had to devote every effort to keeping the Jewish population under surveillance, he said, since everyone knew that the Jews have for the most part collaborated with communism and have been hostile to the Romanian armed forces, authorities, and people.

On July 3, Mihai Antonescu (as vice president of the Council of ­Ministers, he was responsible for leading the state when Ion Antonescu was at the front) sponsored a conference of administrative inspectors and military prosecutors being sent to Bessarabia and Bukovina .  At the meeting of the Council of Ministers on July 8, 1941 , Mihai ­Antonescu stressed in particular his intent to reject any traditionalist humanitarian objections to the forced migration of the Jews from Bessarabia and Bukovina . He also supported the cleansing from those lands of the Ukrainian element, which would also have no reason to be here any longer.

Romanians who had strayed into the darkness of Bolshevism would be annihilated without pity. To put a fine point on things, Antonescu told his auditors they should be indifferent if history adjudges us barbarians. The Roman Empire committed acts deemed barbaric by contemporary standards, and nevertheless it established the greatest political system. This is the most opportune moment in our history. If need be, use machine guns.

Cleanse the soil of Communists,eliminate the Bolsheviks, all suspicious individuals, and Jewish provocateurs,rid the villages of all Jews such were the subsequent orders from Mihai Antonescu. And such were the orders elaborated at the next rung of the Romanian bureaucracy. As early as July 9, the governor of Bessarabia , General Voiculescu, began to receive reports on the gendarmes’ cleansing activity. On July 11,1941  Lt. Colonel A. Ionescu, chief of the Second Section, reported to his superiors that his section had already designed and implemented a plan to eliminate the Judaic element from the territory of Bessarabia by organizing and activating teams to operate ahead of the Romanian troops. The link from government to administration to the masses emerges clearly in his boast that teams were fostering in the villages an environment hostile to Judaic elements so that the population will try to eliminate them on its own with the most appropriate means suited to the circumstances.As General Topor put it on July 17, 1941 .This country does not need Jews.

The taking of Jewish hostages was widely practiced in Moldavia , Bessarabia, and Bukovina . Theoretically, for each Romanian or German soldier killed in the regions under Romanian control, 50 Jews were supposed to be liquidated. Mere orders issued by Romanian or German officers produced mass executions. Yet the hostage-taking and land-cleansing orders attest to the fact that responsibility for the murder of Jews also belongs to the central authorities.

Troops of the 16 Infantry Regiment occupied the village of Ciubei in Bukovina on July 3, 1941 ; under the command of Valeriu Carp, they had murdered dozens of Jews there after their withdrawal before the Soviets. Now the same men undertook the murder of the entire Jewish population of the area. The number of victims ranged somewhere between 450 and 572. Local peasants aided their soldier brothers. Jews were accused of blowing up the bridge at Crasna, though in fact Soviet troops had destroyed it. 50 Jews were executed in Crasna Forest .

Rumänien, am Pruth, Soldaten bei Rast romanestiziganesti 0

Einsatzgrupped D and Romanestis , July 1941

Romanian troops occupied the city of Storojinet on July 4,1941 and began their massacre right away, killing 212 Jews in two days. The 4000 Jews whose lives were spared were locked up inside two school buildings, where they remained for three days without food or clean water. However, their captors did allow them to drink from the nearby ponds. The recently appointed mayor, the attorney Petru Bruja, wanted to send the Jews home, but Colonel Alexandrescu, who commanded the recruitment district, and the powerful landowner Serban Flondor opposed him. The mayor resigned, and a man named Dimitrie Rusu replaced him. Under his leadership the authorities converted Gradiniti, Ieronim, Malcinschi, and Lumea Noua Streets into a ghetto. Deputy Mayor Stefan Tomovici issued an order requiring the Jews to sweep the streets every day. Certain figures responsible for the Jews for example, the commander of the gendarme legion of Bîrzescu and the mayor’s chief of staff, Isidor Palade sought to minimize the suffering of their charges, but this did not prevent the transfer, in alphabetical order, of Jewish families to the Edineti transit camp in the district of Hotin. With the exception of eleven of these families, all were eventually deported to Transnistria.

The occupation troops were just as active in the neighboring villages. The soldiers who had occupied the village of Ropcea rounded up the entire Hass family and forced them on foot to the Siret River . Eugen had to carry his father for much of the nine kilometers. The soldiers drove all onto a narrow bridge, off of which they shot them one by one. The locals of Iordanesti authored a massacre under the command of their small-time leader, Halache Telefon.

One of the most horrible massacres took place at Banila on the Siret, whose inhabitants urged on by the mayor, Moscaliu, and the self-­proclaimed leader, Barbaza slaughtered fifteen Jews. The parish priest Stefanovici refused to perform Sunday services the next day, telling his congregation, I am ashamed to enter this church, when my coreligionists commit such crimes.

On July 5,1941 massacres took place in all villages of Storojinet District where Jews lived. A group of Ukrainians, Ruthenians, and Romanians (civilians and soldiers) shot or beat to death between eighty and eighty-eight Jews in the village of Stanestii de Jos ; forty more died in the village of Stanestii de Sus.

None of the above crimes were in any way atypical for Storojinet, and analogous abominations proceeded in other villages of the district. In Cires all twelve Jewish families were killed. Eleven Jews were killed on the same fifth of July in Vilavca. Still another slaughter took place in Milie, where Ukrainians killed nearly the entire Jewish population, somewhere between 110 and 180 people. In Vijnita twenty-one Jews were killed shortly after Romanian troops ­entered the town on July 5. The Romanian army took nineteen Jewish hostages in Vascauti, executing them shortly thereafter. A massacre took place on that same day in Rostochi-Vijnita: the local residents joined with soldiers to kill at least seventy Jews. The Romanian army also executed eighteen Jews in Tereblecea and ten in Oprisani, in Radauti District. Jews were abused and tortured but not murdered in Lucavat (Storojinet District) and a few other villages.

Units of the 7th Infantry Division, in particular Police Company 7, commanded by Major Gheorghe Vartic, made up some of the forces that entered the city of Herta on July 5, 1941 . Vartic ordered the creation of a Civic Guard composed of Herta’s residents that compiled lists of Jews. About 1500 were herded into the city’s four synagogues and one cellar. Some of these were next forced to dig a trench, and many were executed there at four o’clock in the afternoon. About one hundred were executed at the Kislinger windmill and thirty-two in a park behind the prefecture.

One of the largest slaughters on that day took place in Cernauti, the capital of Bukovina , where 2000 Jews were killed by Romanian soldiers working in league with local residents, gendarmes, and German soldiers. Two mass graves at the Jewish cemetery received 250 corpses each, a third somewhat fewer. German troops executed another 400 Jews on July 9,1941  setting fire to the main synagogue with incendiary grenades.

Further mass killings took place between July 9 and 12 in Cernauti, Hotin, and Soroca Districts. Specifically, German SS and Romanian troops executed 162 Jews in Zoniachie and Rapujinet on July 9, another twenty-seven in Cotmani. The same Romanian unit that had killed the Jews of Stînca Roznovanu, near Marculesti, now robbed and killed another four hundred to five hundred in Gura Cainari, including a number of newborns. A similar massacre occurred in Marculesti proper.

A group of soldiers from the 14th Romanestis  Infantry Division came upon a group of fifty Jewish refugees. The soldiers looted their victims, herded them into a pond, and shot them. Two wounded survivors dragged themselves onto the road, where a Romanian officer discovered them and sent them to Chiscareni Hospital . The 9th German Army protested this incident that diminished the prestige of the Romanian and German armies. General Tataranu, deputy head of the Supreme General Staff, ordered an investigation; it led only to the burial of the victims left behind in the pond.

The Romanians reentered Hotin on July 8. The entire Jewish population there was locked up on that very day in two school facilities. Fifty Jewish hostages were selected on July 10 for execution by Romanian ­policemen and gendarmes. The military police executed 12 more in nearby Lipcani the next day, 40 in Lincauti, and all 160 Jews in Cep­lauti. Ten people were executed for political reasons in Milovat during that month.

And so it went elsewhere in the newly reoccupied territories. Massacres occurred around the city of Balti on July 11. A total of seventy-six Jews were executed as hostages in Balti from July 10 to July 17, according to the list of names that the Balti police compiled. German and Romanian troops entered the historic capital of ­Bessarabia, Chisinau, on July 18, 1941, almost immediately giving themselves over to the mass slaughter of its Jews and those of its environs: it is estimated that about ten thousand ultimately died. This is how the purification of the Romanian land proceeded in the neighboring Orhei District.

The postwar investigation revealed that approximately 250 political suspects and 500 Jews were executed in the territory of the Chilia legion, victims of political and racial intolerance. Those arrested for political reasons were liquidated in the same way as the Jews, most often en route between two villages, typically at the edge of a ditch prepared in advance. Non-Jewish political suspects also were killed in Cetatea Alba¨ District.

During the massacres in Bessarabia and Bukovina , Romanian soldiers and policemen operated independently of German tutelage. But in some instances the brotherhood-in-arms of Romanian and German soldiers found expression in joint operations against defenseless civilians. Hundreds of Jews were killed by the so-called paramilitary Civic Guards composed not only of Romanian but also of Ukrainian and Ruthenian townspeople and villagers.

All this anti-Semitic internationalism notwithstanding, relations between the Romanian and German armies were sometimes strained. The 9th German Army protested the disorderly action. German experience in joint operations with the Romanians throughout Bessarabia and Bukovina had brought the Germans to the conclusion that although the Romanians had the right idea, they were sloppy in their work.  Raul Hilberg estimates that more than ten thousand Jews were murdered in Bukovina and Bessarabia during July 1941. Most of these were killed by Romanian and German military units acting on superior orders. Others, however, fell victim to Romanian and Ukrainian peasants who wanted (or even felt it their duty) to murder (and, of course, rob) their Jewish neighbors.

World War II transformed what might otherwise have remained a period of severe anti-Semitic outbreaks into a true Romanian Holocaust that, while part of the broader German-European Holocaust, remains at the same time a specifically Romanian story. As in Germany , the immediate background to Romania ‘s Holocaust tapped archaic anti-Semitic traditions and was crafted by the militant agitation of anti-Semitic parties, itself followed by state legislation and then compounded by wartime circumstances. Bloody mob violence was the result, but now, drawing in government elements, the riot took on the character of a social enterprise and thus invited takeover by the state.

This transitional phase, when mass robbery and mass murder evolved from a societal to a governmental enterprise, took place in the months immediately preceding and immediately following Romania ‘s entrance in the war. The tempering of the Romanian-German diplomatic alliance into one of wartime fraternity augured more deliberate and more systematic ill for Romania ‘s Jews. Finally, during this time the Antonescu regime became more directly involved in encouraging the violence, though still more in the sense of indirect inspiration. Soon, however, it would openly take things over, as will be seen in the following chapters.

Kerch Crimea, Romanian & German Armies Atrocities

There are hundreds of cities and thousands of villages where the German and Romanian Armies advanced their offensive through South Ukraine and Crimea towards Sevastopol the Azov Sea and Stalingrad where large numbers of unimaginable barbaric war atrocities were commited by Romanians and their friends during the advance phase . For the purpose of this research, I decided to pick Kerch .

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This region was always of strategic importance in that it controlled Sea routes mainly submarine activities and energy resources for both Imperial Russia and Soviet Union.  The Kerch Strait is a 25-mile-long channel that is no wider than 9 miles, linking the critically important Black Sea to the Sea of Azov off of Russia’s Northern Caucasus border. It has served as a key location for some for the strategic battle on Crimean war evolved into a Nazi-Soviet land and naval clash.

From the 26 September 1941 the German 11th Army under Erich von Manstein and troops from Gen.Petre Dumitrescu and Gen.N.Ciuperca  3rd and 4th Romanian Armies were involved in the fighting versus the Red Army’s Gen.Polkovnik Kuznetzov 51st Army and elements of the Black Sea Fleet. After the campaign, the peninsula was occupied by  Gen.Carl-Heinrich von Stülpnagel  Army Group A with the 17th Army as its major subordinate formation ( interestingly von Stülpnagel  was executed in 1944 due to his Hitler plt participation )

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Manstein and his Army baton,Stülpnagel, Hoth, Kuznetzov

Once the German and Romanian Armies broke through, they occupied most of Crimea, with the exception of the city of Sevastopol, which was given the title of Hero City for its resistance, and Kerch, which was recaptured by the Soviets during an amphibious operation near the end of 1941 and then taken once again by the Germans during Operation Bustard Hunt on 8 May,1942  under General Oberst Hoth .The Siege of Sevastopol lasted 250 days from 30 October 1941 until 4 July 1942, when the Axis finally captured the city.  Sevastapol, the main object of the campaign

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The Germans had first occupied Kerch as they drove on Sevastopol in November 1941. A landing by Black Sea Fleet Marines attached to the Soviet 51st Army drove the Germans and Romanians out. The Marines found thousands of dead civilians, deprived of food and terrorized by the Gestapo during the occupation.

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Vyacheslav M. Molotov People’s Commissar of Foreign Affairs for the Soviet Union, issued a communique on January 7, 1942, listing German  & Romanian Armies atrocities. He told all Allied diplomats worldwide: “According to preliminary figures, about 7,000 persons were killed by the German & Romanian criminals in Kerch.” During the Nuremberg Trials in 1945-1946, Soviet Assistant Prosecutor Colonel Lev N. Smirnov  read statements from Kerch liberators and survivors into the Court record: ” After the Germans  & Romanians  had been thrown out of Kerch, on 30 December, 1941, Red Army soldiers discovered, in the prison yard, a formless mass of bodies of young girls, naked, mutilated and unrecognisable, who had been savagely and cynically tortured to death by the fascists…As a site for the mass execution, like in Odessa Dhalnik against the Jews ,

 The Nazis selected an anti-tank ditch near the village of Baguerovo where for three days trucks brought entire families who had been condemned to death. When the Red Army entered Kerch in January, 1942, the Baguerovo ditch atrocities were investigate. It was discovered that this ditch – 1 kilometer (3,280 feet) in length, 4  meters (13 feet) in width and 2 meters (6.5 feet) in depth – was filled to overflowing with bodies of women, children, old men, and boys and girls in their teens. Near the ditch were frozen pools of blood.

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Romanestis marching in Crimea  top right

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Children’s caps, toys, ribbons, torn-off buttons, gloves, milk bottles and rubber comforters, small shoes, golloshes together with torn-off hands, feet and other parts of human bodies were lying nearby. Everything was spattered with blood and brains. Twenty-year-old Anatolyi Ignatievich Bondarenko, now a soldier in the Red Army, states: ‘When we were brought up to the anti-tank ditch and lined up alongside this fearful grave, we still believed that we had been fetched in order to fill in the ditch with earth or to dig new ones. We did not think we had been brought there to be shot, but when we heard the first shots from the automatic guns trained on us, I realised we were about to be murdered. I immediately hurled myself into the ditch and hid between two corpses.

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An eye-witness report of the Nazi massacre of 5,000 civilian Jews in the city of Kerch, in the Crimea, was brought here today by a Jewish fisherman, Josef Weingarten, who succeeded in escaping from the city.  Weingarten was left for dead by the Nazis after being machine-gunned together with hundreds of other Kerch Jews in a ditch eight kilometers from the city, which was covered with sand by the executioners after the mass-slaughter. He regained consciousness, however, after nightfall, and crawled out of the mass-grave stealing into town through the darkness. For thirteen days he was hidden, but finally succeeded in reaching the Russian Army’s lines where he was given medical treatment.

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The despicable crimes the barbaric Nazis and Romanians left behind them in Kerch, L to R the first 3 shots are not from Kertsch. Note the laughing SS madogs at the dead Soviet nurse , none of those maddogs returned a life to Germany may the angels protect her soul. All this was started by Hitler Antonescu and Axis. Note above the mini ” Auschwitz ” type camps created by Germans in Kertch.

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Above : an other escu Nazi murderer , Gen. Dumitrescu

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Above : an other Nazi  murderer”escu” hidding under new Romanian regime , Gen.Mihail Lascar,post WWII Romanian Army Chief of Staff and Rom Army Inspector till 1950.In similar to United Sates also Communist Romania reinstated to power former Fascists & Nazis on the post WWII era as long as their services were essential for its needs.

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Fuehrer’s oakleaf cluster for Lascar’s iron cross  awarded for excellency on the S/J final solutions

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Above : no, not von Paulus , but an other Nazi  murderer”escu” decorated  by Hitler

Kerch,Fedosia,Simferopol,Yevpatoria,Sevastopol  etc Massacres Architechts

Brig. General Radu Korne. ?????????????????????????radu kornea 

War criminal Gen.Radu Corne with SS Max Wuensche,the Kertch death Architects. Two madogs worth immediate death sentence, L to Right Wuensch Korne, Korne, Korne and Romanestis

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 Gen.Radu Corne with his friend Max Wuensche, both Crimean massacres architects , Shots above  Wuensche with Corne and Hitler with Wuensche. Wuensche escaped death trial thanks OSS and died of agging unlike his friend who was less lucky and died in Romanian prison hospital in 1949

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Above : Mihai with General Erik Hansen

Highest Romanian awards presented to Germanescus death architects

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Russland, bei Charkow, Ordensverleihung  gs

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who participated in the Sovieto – Judeo Final Solutions

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Most of the above Germanescus were convicted by post WWII era Allied Tribunals

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An other escu guilty of war atrocities against Russian civil population

 General Field Marshall Erich von Manstein was Commander of the Eleventh Army and was fighting on the Black Sea and in the Crimea ( an other Antonescu’s friends ). In 1949, he came before a British military tribunal in Hamburg on charges of complicity in the massacres committed by Einsatzgruppe D. His defense counsel was the Englishman Reginald T. Paget, who wrote a book – translated into German the year after he reports the following concerning the activities of Einsatzgruppe D in the Crimea: “To me, the numbers stated by the SD appeared to be entirely impossible. Individual companies of about 100 men with about 8 vehicles are declared to have killed 10,000 to 12,000 Jews in two or three days. Since, as one will recall, the Jews believed in a resettlement and consequently took their belongings along with them, the SD could not possibly have transported more than twenty or thirty Jews respectively in one truck. For each vehicle, with loading, 10 km of driving, unloading and return, an estimated two hours had to elapse. The Russian winter day is short and there was no night driving. In order to kill 10,000 Jews, at least three weeks would have been necessary.

German Romanian Defeat and Crimean Evac Atrocities  1944

The end of the begining , introduction

In the beginning of 1944 the Kriegmarime  was composed of one battleship, four cruisers, six destroyers, 29 submarines, 13 submarine hunters, three motor-gunboats, 27 minesweepers, one monitor, 47 motor-torpedo boats, 27 armored gunboats, 44 small minesweepers, 113 small submarine hunters and a great number of patrol boats. After the Germans captured the Naval bases in Odessa and Sevastopol, the main forces of the Soviet Fleet were stationed in Poti and other harbors in the Caucasus until the end of the war. The Soviet Black Sea Fleet outnumbered the enemy. But it could not realize its full potential because of the remoteness of its bases and airfields, and also because of the great mine danger (from 1941 to 1944 the Germans laid more than 20,000 mines).

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L to R , Janecke , Evpatoria atrocities under General Hansen . Hansen & Mihai Hitlerescu

As the 17th Army’s forces dwindled, Generaloberst Jaenecke, leading the beleaguered force, became desperate. During the evacuation, the only replacements to arrive was a token force of only 1,300 men. The Axis had merely 64,000 men left in the Crimea, compared to a total Soviet strength approaching 500’000. Jaenecke requested permission to abandon the peninsula, but his request was denied by Hitler. After a personal meeting with Hitler that ended when Jaenecke stormed out, he was arrested and court-martialed. His replacement, Generalleutnant Friedrich-Wilhelm Muller, would not arrive in the Crimea until May 4,1944

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During the evacuation of Sevastopol, 25 convoys with German and Romanian vessels traveled from 14 to 27 April 1944 in both directions to the Romanian harbor at Constantza. En route they were attacked 28 times by the Soviet Black Sea Fleet DB-3F , A.20 and IL-2 torpedo bombers for 14 times , 18 times by subs, once by motor-torpedo boats and once by motor-gunboats. Only two bigger ships (Ossag and Leo) were sunk.   The efficiency of the Soviet Black Sea Fleet was very low lacking accurate aimining. An example was the submarines, which in April /May 1944 carried out 50 torpedo attacks and launched more than 100 torpedoes. During this period only one German ship was sunk (by aircraft!), one was damaged and three were possibly hit. During the period 1941-1944, aircraft bombs and mines sank six Soviet submarines in Bulgarian coastal waters.

The military actions carried out by the German and the Romanian troops for defending Crimea during 1943-1944 detach themselves in the plan of the military history through the ampleness of the forces and means used (more than 700,000 men on both sides, 800 armoured vehicles, almost 9,000 cannons, 1,400 aircraft etc), through the complex character of the military actions of the forces involved in (land, air and navy forces), through the multifarious logistic problems raised in their course. The mission for defending “Crimean Fortress” which assured the control, both on sea and from the air, under the area of the centre and of the eastern part of the Black Sea, offering possibilities for the Axis to turn over the Soviet front on the Dnieper, but also to oblige the powerful Black Sea Fleet to keep distance in its refuge basis from Caucasus — was assigned, in October 1943, to the 17th German Army, that included, too, seven Romanian divisions.

Being warried about the extremely difficult situation of the Romanian Divisions (and still it was increasing in gravity each day), respectively the 10th and 19th Infantry, 6th and 9th Cavalry, 1st and 3rd Mountain, that were disposed in a circular defensive system within the structure of the V and XLIX German Army Corps, also grasping the uselessness of such an action as the stubborn defence of the Crimea Peninsula was, Ion Antonescu took various fast steps for bringing them back in the country. But all the Romanian demarches concerning this problem met the Hitler’s decision to keep Crimea – at any price — without taking into account the dangerous situation which existed in the Nogay Steppe. On October 28, 1943, Ion Antonescu sent an imperative message (in a letter form) to Hitler, in which he expressed his serious concerns about the fate of the 7 Romanian divisions, marking proposals for their immediate evacuation through the Perekop Isthmus, that was not yet locked up.

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Soon defeated Romanescu Hitlerscu & Co, captured I-153 at Kerch, pilot shot by Romanian Dorobanti Div.

The answer which Hitler gave to this proposal on October 29 was a negative one. He again expressed his firm decision to hold Crimea under his control. Yet, the fact was that Hitler’s wishes did not took into account the Soviets’ offensive plans for reconquering Crimea. After several lame attempt, the Soviet Supreme Command decided to start an ample offensive operation, which purposed “to disipate and annihilate the enemy’s group of forces by simultaneous blows executed by General Fyodr Tolbuhin, from the north, from Perekop and Sivash, and by the Independent Seashore Army, led by General A.I.Eremenko, from the east, from the Kerch Peninsula, to the general direction Simferopol-Sevastopol, supported by the Black Sea Fleet, by the air big units of middle range and also by the partisan detachments”. From the begin-ning of this operation, in the structure of the two Soviet groups of forces were 470,000 military men, 5,982 artillery pieces (mortars also included), 560 tanks and armoured vehicles, more that 1,000 aircrafts and the Black Sea Fleet.

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Fyodr Tolbukin , one of most capable and human WWII Soviet military leader even Mihai respected him

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Farewell Saki airfield by Romanestis,captured HE-111 and destroyed FW 190,Black Sea Fleet

1944

Yet planned to start in March 1944, the Soviet offensive operation for recon-quering Crimea was delayed because of the unfavourable weather and of the big storm in the Azov Sea, another term being fixed in April 1944. So, the offensive was launched on April 8, 1944 by the IV Ukrainean Front with the 2nd Guard Army and the 51st Army, which breach the defensive positions held by the German and Romanian troops since the first day.

WWII BATTLE OF KERCH AXIS FORCES dth  batz sg 2 krinm

Massive air power used by the Germans against civil population during German retreat  ( JG 52 / SG 2 )

Carrying its action on a front wide of over 40 km, the Soviet mass of troops that attacked in the northern part of Crimea reached on April 10 the alig-ment: 8 km east of Karanky south of Tomaschevka, 10 km west of Karanki, 13 kms south of Armyansk and began to follow the troops which withdrew, using the big units of the 2nd Guard Army, along the western seashore towards Eupatoria and those of the 51st Army in the central part of the peninsula, to the general direction Simferopol. The strong pressure of the Soviet forces, the lack of reserves and also the danger to be encircled by intercepting the lines of retreat of the German and Romanian forces from the Kerci Peninsula obliged the 17th German Army to give the order for the beginning of the retreat and of the evacuation, on April 10, in accordance with “Adler” code name of the operation. Hitler approved the retreat, but he ordered that Sevastopol should be kept as long as possible; from there only the wounded, the personnel of the logistic formations, different materials and other disposable forces were to be evacuated.

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Liberating  Evpatoria. Captured  Luftwaffe arsenal ,Saki airfield 1944

The Evacuation

In spite of the dramatic situation on the front, Hitler maintained his decision to resist. By diminishing the width of the defensive front he admitted, at last, the idea of carrying back a number of combatants. Thus started, on April 14, 1944, the evacuation operation, also called “The 60,000″ Operation, which was performed mainly by the Romanian Naval forces and also by the German in similar ones. Up to  April 27 a number of 28’000 Romanian soldiers  were evacuated and carried to Constanţa by vessels. But during the withdrawl the German Command ceased the evacuation, hoping that the forces under its command would keep the bridgehead at Sevastopol.

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German POW’s , Luftwaffe personnel funeral at Evpatoria,captured ME-210 at Saki brought to Jukowsky

The Soviet offensive restarted on May 1, 1944, carried on by the divisions of the 2nd Guard Army, 51st Army and Independent Black Sea Fleet Marines, which on May 9 entered Sevastopol. The main body of the Romanian-German forces that still had remained in Crimea left the city during the night of May 7/8, withdrawing in the Kersones bridghead, with the view to be repatriated by sea or by air. The Romanian troops’ evacuation began on May 11, in extremely difficult conditions, produced by the intense fire barage sustained by the artillery in the area of the embarkment beaches and because of the very active presence of the Soviet torpedo aircraft, that sunk 3 of the Romanian merchant ships involved in ferrying the troops, also impedding the final evacuation.

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Naval Captain A-20 pilot Col.Tokarev HSU & Gp CO 36 MTAP , KIA January 1944, a Romanian campaigns vet

 

On the early and final evacuation phase at Evpatoria, Simferopol, Cape Kershonese, Karabuz and Saragoz the Romanian and German Armies commited a wide range of retaliatory atrocities against , civil population, Soviet POW’s and the reminder of Jewish population.

 

Counting Crimea Campaigns Losses

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Otto Ohlendorf, commander of Einsatzgruppe D

At the beginning of November 1941, Otto Ohlendorf, commander of Einsatzgruppe D, transferred the staff of his unit from Nikolajev to Simferopol, the Crimea’s capital. Simferopol was an important base of German troops and supplies, the staffs of the XXXth and LIVth Army Corps, the 72nd and 22nd Infantry Divisions, the Head Quarter Master, the Commander of the Luftwaffe at 11th Army and the competent Economics Command having their headquarters there.

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The begining and end of a despicable Einsatzgruppen D mass murderer Nazi rats

The city’s administration was in the hands of Local Command Post (Ortskommandantur) I/853 under Captain Kleiner, which made a census of the local population according to their ethnicity and found that, of originally 156,000 inhabitants, 120,000 of various population groups had remained in Simferopol, thereof 11,000 of originally 20,000 Jews.

Simferopol, Yalta,Sochi, Evpatoria & Crimea, Romanian & German Army Atrocities

It began at Simferopol on 9 December 1941, when Sonderkommando 11b and the staff of Einsatzgruppe D wiped out the city’s Krimchaks, probably at least 1,500 people. Thereafter the killing stopped for two days because Ohlendorf had to solve a personnel problem: the policemen of the 4th Company of Police Reserve Battalion 9, who had assisted Einsatzgruppe D in its massacres since the beginning of the Russian campaign, were tired of killing and had requested being given another duty. Their request had been granted, and Ohlendorf had to wait for the replacement unit, the 3rd Company of Police Reserve Batallion 3, to arrive at Simferopol.

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When 3rd Company of Police Reserve Battalion 3 arrived at Simferopol, there was no time for getting its men used to the killing on a gradual basis. With the assistance of available men from other detachments of Einsatzgruppe D, the policemen of both police battalions and the detached members of FGA 683 and GFP 647, Braune’s Sonderkommando 11b and Ohlendorf’s staff of Einsatzgruppe D continued the execution on 11 December 1941. Braune had told his men that they had a “major combat day” (Grosskampftag) ahead and even the medics would have to take part.

The killing of the Jews lasted for three days. The Jews were ordered to gather in the area of the former Communist Party building in the city center and to hand over their bags and valuables, for – so their killers told them – these could otherwise be stolen during the transport that was to take them to labor service, and they would receive them afterwards. Trucks of the Einsatzgruppe and the army, buses and also smaller booty vehicles were used to quickly bring the people to an anti-tank ditch outside Simferopol. The members of Police Reserve Battalion 3 had to take part in the murder right away. Some of them had noticed that colleagues of Police Reserve Battalion 9 had “cracked”; now they understood why. Again and again, in the presence of Ohlendorf and Braune, there was the command “Ready, aim, fire!”. 50 men firing in salvos were standing in a row. So-called coups de grace were administered by experienced members of the Einsatzgruppe.

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Wehrmacht soldiers also participated in the shooting, it being unclear whether these were exclusively military policemen and members of the Geheime Feldpolizei. In the icy cold chosen prisoners had to pile up the corpses in the ditch so that no space would be wasted, others dragged corpses lying aside to the pit and threw them in. Whoever tried to flee or faked death was shot by the men of the Einsatzgruppe with machine pistols. The perpetrators’ cynicism was ever present, like when the instruction was given not to waste another bullet on a Jewess still alive lying in the pit because a heap of earth would be thrown unto the corpses and she would then choke anyway. A young Jew had tried to resist, whereupon the leader of the action ordered not to shoot him but to beat him dead. Thus the murder went on the following days. Eventually the Einsatzgruppe also extended its action to the city’s Gypsies, a request from the army having presumably been one of the factors that led to the decision to also remove this population group.

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In Operational Situation Report USSR Nr. 150 of 02.01.1942, Ohlendorf reported that, with the end of the action on 15 December 1941, Simferopol, along with other parts of the Crimea, had been made free of Jews. This turned out to be a mistake, as many Jews were still in hiding. Smaller massacres throughout the Crimea followed until the end of the year.

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Today’s Simferopol and Kerch, Russian Fed. Destroyer ” Kerch “at Sevastopol

Thus ends my summary of Angrick’s reconstruction of events at Simferopol in November and December of 1941. As I said before, this reconstruction is based on documentary evidence and numerous eyewitness testimonies.   The latter figure referred to the total number of executions by Einsatzgruppe D since the beginning of the Russian campaign. The greatest part of the Crimea figures probably correspond to the Simferopol massacres, followed by the massacres at Kerch in the first days of December (ca. 2,500 Jews) and at Feodosia around 10 December 1941 (over 1,000 Jews and Krimchaks), also described in detail by Angrick. It is thus clear that Paget’s claim about a single small-scale massacre at Simferopol on 16 November 1941 has nothing to do with the historical record of the fate of Simferopol’s Jews and Krimchaks, most of whom were killed in the massacres on 9 December and after 11 December 1941.

Red Army Soldiers : Forgotten German / Romanian Armies Victims

Hitler’s & Antonescu’s war against the Soviet Union fused ideological aggression with racial impetus and colonial aspirations that resulted in a conflict of unsurpassed brutality. Rather than being an unwilling participant in this brutal struggle, the Royal Romanian Army along with Wehrmacht were a loyal and enthusiastic playesr. One of the most telling examples of its participation in war crimes was its treatment of Soviet prisoners of war. Statistics show that out of 5.7 million Soviet soldiers captured between 1941 and 1944 until the Romanian capitualte, more than  64’000  died in Romanian captivity. A larger group of Soviet POW captured throughout crimes mid summer and winter 1941 were handed over by the Rumanians to SS, Whermacht out of whom at least 80 political officers were killed on Sept.3,1941 when the Zyclon B was tested at Auschwitz on 600 Soviet political officers . Also Soviet Red Army female personnel were not spared from the the Romanian Army mistreatment. From what I was told by my both uncles during Romanian Armies advances in Bessarabia,Moldova , Southern Ukraine towards Crimea there were repeated cases where regular Army units were involved on numerous massacres against Russian population, Jews and Red Army personnel including women.Advancing towards Lugansk , Donets , Sevastopol the number of atrocities against Soviets were rapidly increasing. In addition those Regiments not willing to participate and those lacking orders in acting occassonally sent the POW’s  to Romanian POW’s camps through Dulag 202 and the political officers , higher echelons,pilots to either SS Einsatzgruppe D Sued and those Soviets who survived landed later on in Romania and throughout the Reich on Oflags, Stalags , Rumanian camps . Airmen who fell into Romanian competences were sent to Romania and in rare cases dent directly to SD units . Those who didn’t attempt escapes remained till Aug. 1944 in Romania rest were sent to Oflags and from 1943 on to Stalag Luft II inLodj, Poland . Airmen recepients of HSU titles were sent to SD rather interned kept on Romanian P.O.W camps .  At least 280 Red Army women soldiers were held POW in Romania.  I am not aware of any Soviet pilots and officers execution on the Romanian camps, rather death through escape, malnutrition , illness etc. Till Aug 1944 at least 105 Soviet airmen were kept captive at Ferbinti, Kalafat and Galati. Several reasons have been advanced by those seeking to explain this gruesome statistics of the German / Romanian atrocities . The first is that the Soviet Union had not signed international conventions protecting prisoners of war, and therefore its soldiers could expect no protection under international law. Another frequently quoted explanation, one used by Wehrmacht officers testifying at Nuremberg, suggests that the German military was simply overwhelmed by the number of prisoners and that the mass deaths were an unfortunate but natural consequence of insufficient resources. Hitler issued guidelines for the treatment of Soviet prisoners in March 1941. They called for the liquidation of all political commissars and communists. In spite of international conventions, they were to be killed immediately. Liquidation Squads  operational groups—Einsatzgruppen—were supposed to seek out and kill the commissars and communists from among the soldiers. These Einsatzgruppen were set up before the attack on the USSR to “cleanse” areas near the front of “dangerous elements,” such as communists, partisans, Jews, and Gypsies. Later, the search was extended to POW camps in the depths of the Reich. Executions would take place in the nearest concentration camp.It is not known to what extension the Royal Romanian Army complied or not with such the directive. On September 8, 1941, three months after the start of Operation Barbarossa and Ops Munchen, Reinecke reminded his subordinates, ‘the Bolshevik soldier forfeited every claim to be treated as an honorable soldier and in keeping with the Geneva Convention.’ Admiral Wilhelm Canaris, chief of the Abwehr ( objected to Reinecke’s assertions ) but was quieted by Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel, who reminded the admiral, ‘This struggle has nothing to do with soldierly chivalry or the regulations of the Geneva Conventions.’ It is interesting to note that while Hitler’s armies felt themselves relieved from the ‘niceties’ of international law during the campaign, the soldiers of Romanian allies regularly acknowledged the rights of Soviet soldiers under their protection ( at least on paper ) General Major Heinz Hellmich, commanding the 23rd Infantry Division, ordered that white flags were not to be respected. ‘There will be no quarter!’ he raged. A Captain Finselberg of the division’s 6th Infantry Regiment told his troops to take no prisoners, as they were ‘useless consumers of food and anyway a race whose extermination would be a step in the right direction.’ Panzer Group 3 found prisoners guilty of having taken ‘measures against the German Wehrmacht‘ and shot them out of hand. On June 29, Field Marshal Günther von Kluge ordered, ‘Soviet women in uniform are to be shot which was as barbaric as the war atrocities with the Jews which explains the later Russian actions against German and Romanian POW’s and civil population on the Russian occupied territories.

hha  KLUGE

Left middle Hellmich right von Kluge

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Soviet women defending their country ended up executed by barbares,paralles to ISIS of today

traitor  PICKARASEVA WOMEN 587 BG

Rare cases of Soviet women traitors ,one identifying the Politruk, the other a Soviet Air Force Navigator

Later, as their excesses ignited a protracted partisan war, the Germans reacted by issuing harsh orders calling for the execution of any Red Army personnel found in civilian clothing. An order to the 56th Infantry Division stated, ‘Soldiers in plain clothes mostly recognizable by their short hair are to be shot following their identification as Red Army soldiers.’ Villages were razed for sheltering Red Army soldiers, and prisoners were shot in retaliation for partisan attacks or for simply being soldiers. A field court-martial had sentenced a major to demotion for shooting POWs for no particular reason. Hitler intervened and excused the major, stating, ‘We cannot blame lively spirits when they, convinced as they are that the German people are engaged in a unique battle of life and death, reject the Bolshevik world-enemy beyond all commandments of humanity.’  Following his intervention the Major rank was reinstated. As a reflection of the racial nature of the war, Jewish prisoners were often held for execution by mobile SD squads or by Wehrmacht commanders. Soldiers from the Soviet Union’s Asian republics were frequently shot out of turn, as were loosely defined ‘Communist agitators.’ So too were the wounded. In October 1942, wounded prisoners being held at Stalag 355 were being shot rather than treated. Seventy others, 18 of whom were amputees, were shot near the village of Khazhyn on December 24, 1942.

stk  3228_640

Above a rare body language shot of a Soviet Tankist captured by the German Mountain Division soldiers, Currahee and may his courrage ever inspire . Right, HSU recepient the pilot Col.Vlasov murdered at Mauthaussen .

baklanov  baklanov ivan ivanovich maut

Example : Lt.Baklanov Ivan Ivanovitch 1940 and 1945 upon liberation from Mauthaussen

Russland, Simferopol, Razzia 1 (37) 1 (70) 1 (39)

Soviet political officers and HSU recepient officers and pilots were either shot at sight or sent to death camps

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Hitler issued guidelines for the treatment of Soviet prisoners in March 1941. They called for the liquidation of political commissars and communists. In spite of international conventions, they were to be killed immediately. Police operational groups—Einsatzgruppen—were supposed to seek out and kill the commissars and communists from among the soldiers. These Einsatzgruppen were set up before the attack on the USSR to “cleanse” areas near the front of “dangerous elements,” such as communists, partisans, Jews, and Gypsies. Later, the search was extended to POW camps in the depths of the Reich. Executions would take place in the nearest concentration camp.

According to my info on Sept. 3, 1941, the Nazis conducted the first mass killing of people using Zyklon-B in prison cell number 27 in Block 11. The subjects of this first mass killing on September 3, 1941 were 600 Russian POWs all field Politrukts and 250 sick prisoners. The testing done in the previous months had determined the right amount of Zyklon-B needed to kill a room full of people. It is known the murder of 600 Soviet Prisoners of War and about 250 sick prisoners took place in Block 11 between September 3rd and September 5th. Aproximately 80 of the Politruks were POW’s from Bessarabia, Moldova and Southern Ukraine handed over by the Romanian Army to SS Einsatzgruppe D . As into Romania an other chaper of my research is dealing with the situation of the Romanian POW camps from 1941 till  Aug 1944.  Several groups of Soviet officers were executed by the so-called Sonderkommando Zeppelin in the camp.   The great TV serials ” War and Remembernace ” of Herman Wouk citting and incorrect number of 900 Soviet Politruks.

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 c powe pow cr1rr a Russland-Süd, deutsche Soldaten bei Rast, Gefangene

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Soviet Politruks even a pilot were sent to Auschwitz to be first tested with Cyclon B

WindowWells 43 powrus

Auschwitz Block 11

There can be no excuse for the excesses committed by Soviet troops in Romania, Germany and occupied territories , but the Wehrmacht‘s treatment of Russian prisoners might serve as one possible explanation for their behavior. Far more than half the Soviet soldiers taken prisoner by the Germans during the course of World War II died in captivity. 70 years later, a full accounting of the Nazi regimes in Germany and Rumania and the brutality of the war on the Eastern Front requires that politicians, legal authorities, historians and students of the war hold the Romanians & Wehrmacht accountable for its actions and seek justice for its victims.

Bucharest, Romania summer 1941

Strand-Bucuresti-1941-01  wily-prager2  Strand-Bucuresti-1941-02 strand_bucuresti_1941_14_39506700

  cluj roma2 uuu romanest  ileana

Superb marriage of Princess Ileana,of Romania, she’s will preserve blueblood & Luftwaffe tradition

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Summer of Romanian Jews & Russians – 1941

1942-romanian-soldiers-world-world-two-ww2-romanians 11 Motiv 2 von 2Aufnahmedatum: September 1941Systematik: Geschichte / Weltkrieg II / Sowjetunion / Besatzungszeit / Deutsche Seite / Judenverfolgung / allgemein  7_18  2_53 ll calarasi  roman 41 Polen, Verhaftung von Juden, Transport  transnistriaiasiRussland, russische Kriegsgefangene (Juden)

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Moldova and Valachia exterminations late summer ’41 winter ’42

As early as June 21, 1941, Ion Antonescu ordered that all able-bodied eighteen- to sixty-year-old Jewish males in all villages lying between the Siret and the Prut Rivers be removed to the Târgu Jiu camp in Oltenia and to villages surrounding that camp. Their families and all Jews in other Moldavian villages underwent evacuation to the nearest urban districts. In addition to Târgu Jiu, the Ministry of the Interior and certain military garrisons set up camps in Craiova, Caracal, Turnu Severin, and Lugoj. Throughout Moldavia and in much of the rest of the country, hundreds more were interned as hostages against anticipated actions by other Jews. These internments would last only until January 23, 1942, when the policy of taking hostages was abandoned. In a message sent in July 1941 to the Ministry of Internal Affairs the Iasi prefect, Colonel Dumitru Captaru recounted the concentration of Jews from northern Moldavia in the southern part of Romania: 829 Jews (275 adult men, 377 women, 98 boys, and 79 girls) in twenty-four railway cars (twelve passenger cars for the women and children, twelve freight cars for the men).  On November 12, at Marshal Antonescu ‘ s request, the Supreme General Staff offered statistics showing that 47,345 Jews were then employed in socially useful or, more precisely, forced labor, the luckier at projects in their own communities, others in external work detachments hundreds of kilometers away. An undated list from the Supreme General Staff shows that these assignments sent more than seventeen thousand Jews to twenty-one districts.Engaged in enterprises such as breaking rocks and repairing roads, these Jews toiled in a state of pronounced exhaustion.The advantage that Jews in Regat enjoyed over those living in the territories that had been lost to and then regained from the Soviets reflected a distinction the government made between the two categories of Jews. A series of orders in the summer of 1942 sought the elimination of all Jews suspected of Communist sympathies, a purpose explicitly formulated in the July 24 instruction of the Office of the President of the Council of Ministers to the Ministry of Internal Affairs. All Jews who were Communists or Communist sympathizers were to be deported to Transnistria; as a result 1,045 Jews were sent to Transnistria in July. On September 3, the Bucharest Prefecture of Police arrested 395 Jews, many of whom were suspected of being Communists, including three who, in December 1940, had petitioned to go to Soviet-occupied Bessarabia under the exchange of populations arrangement; their petitions had just been unearthed in the archives of what had been the Soviet legation in Bucharest. A mere five days after their arrest, all of them were deported to Transnistria. During their trip their number grew to 578 as more Communists, sympathizers, suspects, and would-be emigrants arrested in provincial towns were boarded onto the trains. Another 407 who had already been interned in Târgu Jiu were likewise packed into the freight cars. Yet a further 554 Jews from still other towns, all suspected of Communist activity but not previously arrested, and 85 others already sentenced and imprisoned soon joined the caravan.

Suspected Communist affiliation was not the only justification for deportations from Romanian Kingdom. On July 11, 1942, the Supreme General Staff ordered evacuation to Transnistria as punishment for violations of the forced labor regime. Thus on September 22, 1942, a new group of 148 Jews and their families were sent to Transnistria following reports by General Cepleanu of their evasion of forced labor. Another group was arrested on October 2, 1942, but these Jews were freed eleven days later and not deported. Non-Jews too suffered torture,beatings, and exhausting labor in the Târgu Jiu camp. The General Staff coordinated and oversaw the forced labor of these other minorities. Just as the Hungarian authorities in northern Transylvania had dragooned Romanians into forced labor gangs, Ion Antonescu ordered able-bodied Magyars to be brought into his own forced labor detachments. As late as May 13, 1943, a detachment of 250 Jews was sent from Bucharest to perform labor in Balta, Transnistria, however only 23 but this appears to have reached the final destination.

Bessarabia & Bucovina

The Massacres

On July 25, 1941, Romanian troops led a convoy of 25,000 Romanian Jews beyond the Dniester River to German-occupied Ukraine, apparently in the hope that the Germans would swiftly dispatch them through the Reich death camps. However, the German military authorities refused the convoy, which had to return to Bessarabia. But even before their return crossing, the Germans did manage to cull about one thousand of the old, sick, and exhausted on the pretext of interning them in a home for the elderly; after the others had moved on, all were murdered and buried in an antitank trench. On August 13, as the original convoy approached the crossing at Yampol, the Germans killed another 150 who had stopped in the woods without permission.

The Germans shot 800 more on the banks of the Dniester for holding up the operation. Of the 25,000 Bessarabian Jews originally herded beyond the Dniester, only 16,500 returned: more than 8,000 had perished between July 25 and August 17.   These weeks saw a number of comparable episodes. On August 1, Germans stationed in Chisinau rounded up 450 Jews, mostly intellectuals and young women, whom they then took to the suburb of Vistericeni to murder. All but 39 were murdered, and these few were returned to the ghetto. Another massacre took place near the river on August 6, when a Romanian military gendarme battalion shot 200 Jews and threw their corpses into the Dniester.  A week later the Chisinau police office laconically reported on another incident of this sort. The Transit Camps

The deportation of Jews from Bessarabia and Bukovina entailed a systematic, wide-ranging process that Antonescu and his immediate collaborators put in place and that was implemented largely by the Supreme General Staff. While the Antonescu administration pretended that this was an orderly evacuation of a civilian population, it was in fact one of the major atrocious crimes of the Holocaust. But the official version remained the same from beginning to end. A memorandum from the general secretariat of the Council of Ministers on January 24, 1944, for instance, offered the following official justification for the deportations:  The deportations from Bessarabia and Bukovina were carried out to satisfy the honor of the Romanian people, which was outraged by the Jewish attitude toward the Romanian army during its retreat from the territories ceded ceded to USSR in June 1940; and (b) the Jewish attitude toward the Romanian population during the occupation. Deportations of Jews from Moldavia, Walachia, Transylvania,and Banat occurred after Antonescu ordered on July 17, 1942 that all Jews who had violated laws and provisions, and others similar infractions would be deported beyond the Bug river.

The intention to satisfy the honor of the Romanian people was, however, by no stretch of the imagination a determinative factor in actual events. The historical record proves that baser motives were at play: the desire to find scapegoats for Romanian failures; the eagerness for revenge on anyone for Romanian sufferings; the boundless, violent greed of both state and mob; unrestrained sadism; and blind, unquestioning, boundless bigotry .

Between the lines even Antonescu hinted that lust for revenge was central, when, for example, he spoke of Jewish agents who exploited the poor until they bled, who engaged in speculation, and who had halted the development of the Romanian nation for centuries; for him, the deportations meant satisfying the ostensible need to get rid of this scourge. On July 8, 1941, the dictator ‘ s kinsman, Mihai Antonescu, expressed the leadership’s intent still more explicitly when he stated his indifference about whether history would consider his regime barbaric, and that this was the most propitious moment to deport the Jews.

As early as the end of July 1941, the Romanian military began assembling Jews from Bessarabia and Bukovina for deportation across the Dniester River, succeeding in sending across tens of thousands before the Germans became aware of what was going on. However, Romanian soldiers and police soon met resistance from the Germans, who thought their program precipitous. Transit camps would have to be created because the Germans did not want the Jews in what was still a war zone. Raul Hilberg describes the situation:   During the last week of July the Romanians, acting upon local initiative, shoved some 25,000 Jews from northern Bessarabian areas across the Dniester into what was still a German military area and a German sphere of interest. . . . The Eleventh German Army, observing heavy concentrations of Jews on the Bessarabia side,attempted to block any traffic across the river.

The order was given to barricade the bridges.  On August 12, German intelligence informed Berlin that Ion Antonescu had ordered the expulsion of 60’000 Jews from Regat to Bessarabia; assigned to building roads, German intelligence warned that these Jews might actually be slated for deportation across the Dniester. The Germans began to discern the specter of more than half a million Jews driven into the rear of a thinly stretched Einsatzgruppe D, already staggering under the task of murdering the Jews of southern Ukraine with only six hundred men.

The German legation in Bucharest made haste to ask Deputy Premier Mihai Antonescu to eliminate the Jews only in a slow and systematic manner. The latter replied that he had already recommended to the marshal that he revoke his order since the Conducator had overestimated the number of Jews capable of work; indeed, police prefects had already been told to stop enactment of the measure. In Tighina on August 30, 1941, the chief of the German military mission in Romania, Major General Hauffe, and a representative of the Romanian Supreme General Staff, General Tataranu, signed what would be called the Hauffe-Tataranu Convention for Transnistria; this agreement stipulated that Romanian authorities would govern Transnistria, and it gave them jurisdiction over any Jews living there. But the document also stated that deportation beyond the Bug River would no longer be allowed; consequently, Jews would have to be concentrated in labor camps until the  completion of military operations could make further evacuation to the east possible

 Unbenannt  aaa antonescu hauffe - Kopie anton hauffe

                   From left  :    Tataranul ( Tzaranul ) Hauffe & Antonesu, Mihai Hauffe ,Antonescu

mihai anton MIHAI DTM

Mihai Viteazul ( Currageous Mihai )

In outline, two stages of the deportation of Jews from Bessarabia and Bukovina can be distinguished. The first phase occurred during the summer and early fall of 1941, when the Jews living in rural areas were herded into transit camps and urban Jews into ghettos. The second stage took place from September to November, when Bessarabian and Bukovinian Jews were systematically deported to Transnistria to complete implementation of Ion Antonescu ‘ s orders. These expulsions were accomplished by administrators selected by Mihai Antonescu as the bravest and toughest of the entire police force. Meanwhile, the internment of Jews in transit camps accelerated. The Jews of Bessarabia and Bukovina were assembled in Secureni, Edineti, Marculesti, Vertujeni, and other, smaller transit camps.

To reach these camps, the gendarmerie dragged the Jews in all directions over the Romanian countryside ‘ s rutted roads, most often without water and food; at least seventeen thousand died in August alone during these forced marches. According to Hilberg’s assessment, more than 27,000 Jews died in July and August 1941 in Bessarabia and Bukovina, in August alone 7,000 in the transit camps and 10,000 in Transnistria.

 BESB (1)  BESB (2) BESB (3)  germans  He-111  post

Romanians and the Germans entering Balti and Balti airfield along with Germans

The quantitative picture is terrible enough, but the testimony of survivors, perpetrators, and witnesses paints an almost surreal canvas that more clearly conveys the horror of the transit camps. The Rautel camp, for example, established in the woods twelve kilometers from Balti on July 17, amassed Jews from the city ghetto into dilapidated cottages and antitank ditches, all surrounded by barbed wire. Between 2,600 and 2,800 competed for the six cottages, which together could hold 100 people at the most; those forced to seek shelter in the ditches covered themselves with makeshift roofs of branches.

   23 24  ab

marching to Rautel execution camp near Balti airfield the base of retreated 55 IAP ,courtesy JG 77

Luftwaffe’s pilot statement :  shortly after photo was taken all Jews were shot dead by Romanian Army

From left to right Soviet officer is shot after capture by Einsatzgruppe D near Balti

Russland, Deportation von Juden

The transit camp of Secureni opened at the end of July 1941. Initially, Jews from Hotin District were interned there, as well as some from Noua Sulita and other Bessarabian localities. According to Joe Gherman, the Hotin prefect, eating raw cereal grain caused the death of 30 or 40 percent of the internees during the first several days, though this later decreased to one-tenth of that rate. The Jews in Secureni, however, were generally in a better financial position than those in Edineti, who had come from Cernauti, Storojinet, Noua Sulita, and Radauti, totally destitute after having been plundered during previous transportations across the Dniester River and back again. At Edineti conditions were so atrocious that in October 85 percent of the children perished.

Ghettos Chisinau  &  Cernauti

The ghetto of Chisinau was the largest in Bessarabia, in operation mainly from July to November 1941, after which time only a few hundred Jews remained. It had been established on July 24 by Order No. 61 of General Voiculescu, the provincial governor, and eventually housed as many as eleven thousand Jews; on August 19, somewhere between 9,984 and 10,578 residents inhabited the ghetto, of whom 2,200 to 2,300 were children and 5,200 to 6,200 were women. Throughout its short existence the ghetto never quite sealed its inmates hermetically from the outside. Some of the guards helped the Jews get food from the outside in return for any valuables the prisoners could offer. Voiculescu worried that the authorities maintained only an illusion of control, and at one point he warned that if measures were not taken to assert control, we will be surprised and overwhelmed by the Jidani, or see them flee. To minimize commerce between the guards and the inmates, he ordered the former to be changed every ten days.

cernauti 6 cernauti city bolsheviks cernauticernauti synagoge cernauti cernauti stalin cernauti post bucovina-iulie-1941

 The Romanestis called it Romanian Liberted Cernauti ( Chernowitz) As heartless as his attempts to suppress the black market may seem, Voiculescu nevertheless worried about certain elements of the situation that were detrimental to his inmates. In an August 31 report to the president of the Council of Ministers, for instance, he stated that Chisinau had the capacity to employ only eight hundred Jews to earn their daily bread; indeed, even their semilicit trade with the locals provided sustenance for only a small group. The majority of them had no means whatsoever and had to rely on handouts from an overtaxed ad hoc ghetto committee. Reflecting his own anti-Semitic prejudices and perhaps a cynical understanding of world politics Voiculescu proposed that the government approach the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society (H.I.A.S.) in the hope of obtaining aid from the United States.  In the early days of the Chisinau ghetto Jews were permitted to exit with passes from the city ‘ s military commander, facilitating soldiers and gentile civilians exploitation of their plight. The commission ‘ s findings indicated that 441 Jews had died there, 20 of them suicides. Most had died from natural causes, especially the elderly or the very young.  Though deportation of nearly the entire surviving population of the ghetto took place during the fall, some flaw in the system permitted a reprieve for about 150 sick prisoners; others exempted for various reasons totaled fewer than this figure.  The ghetto in Cernauti attained a population of about 55,000 Jews, 30,000 of whom were deported in the fall of 1941 and 5,000 the following summer. Those remaining survived in the ghetto until the end of the war. The Bukovina administration served under three governors during the war:

Corneliu_Dragalina Lt. General Corneliu Dragalina  calo orden

Dragalina  and Calotescu ( calotescu right hand side )

Colonel Alexandru Rioseanu, who died on August 30, 1941; the aforementioned General Corneliu Calotescu, one of the chief authors of the 1941 and 1942 deportations; and General C. I. Dragalina, who became governor in 1943.

From  Barbarossa to Bucharest ,Stalingrad and from Kursk to Hell

ANTON (8)  ANTON (9) ANTON (14)ANTON (5)fotoalbum-123

Mofotoalbum-150IASI 1targul frumos 44  20  EINSATZ SUD

rom (6) rom (4) 

Romania August 1944, The Judgement Day

a  POW IASI  CHISINAU  BOTOSANI

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POW (4) POW (5) POW (1) rom (1)

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buc (4) BUCpost  targu frumos A  143116121537449793 143114966038328180 2

Remember the 1000 year’s Reich ? this was just 3 years later

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Then you certainly remember this  

002k

And this

Hungarian prisoners of war

And maybe this

   buc (1)  tribun  soldat sovietic

Ever seen the square above ?  Is Bulevardul Magheru in Bucharest near where once the famous Luftwaffe DTM Hdq of Speidel and Gerstenberg was located, take a look at those ” glorious ” beaten Germans marching like this not the first or last time in a world a war . Remember the famous Moscow POW’s march ? They too must have used tons of water to clean up Magheru square from those  Nazi insects .

And don’t forget those too ,just in case you want to try it again

A sniperSNIPSHAN

   In the Memoriam of those murdered by Romanian & German Armies in WWII

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This research and unlike what you may have heard from the Romanians is a true story , the reconstructions are based on original archival documents of US Government (NARA) Personen Archiven Germany,Luftwaffe Archiven Freiburg i.B. ,TzAMO Russian Federation, Shimon Wiessenthal Center and eyewitness accounts. It was dedicated to the below randome victims of the Romanian & German Armies in WWII ,uncle of my wife, those who lost their loved ones to the Nazis , anyone who believes in justice and those who helpped my research.

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Vadim Petrovitch uncle of my wife author of 3 books , Soviet Air Force WWII Veteran , Freydorfskey Escadrilia Crimea 1941-1944

                        IVANENKO KOLTSCHKOW LYNIKOV POKATILOV SADWORNICH VLASOVSHAPKIN SMIRNOW OSYKA SACHAROW MASTAKOW (1)

On October 1944 a group of 22 Soviet pilots out of whom a few had to ditch over Romania , Moldova, Bessarabia Yugoslavia,Baltics etc were handed over by the Romanians, Yugoslavians,Lithuanians and Ukrainians to the SD who sent them first to Dulags then Stalag Luft II in Poland following interrogation at Koengisberg Stalag Luft-VI by the famous Jewish Soviet pilot traitor Col.Pivenstein who was to offer them participation into Gen.Vlasov’s Army . The pilots refused and attempted to escape upon their return from Koenigsberg in Litzmannstadt (Lodj) .They walked in various groups 3-4 days through Poland . 18 pilots were caught by SD and SS , some were shot on the run and some who were caught alive were handed over to SD Frankfurt , excuted & cremated on October 1944 ,the fate of the remaining pilots is unknown .  Futher escapes of Soviet pilots and airmen were attempted at Dachau, Auschwitz, Buchenwald , Stalag Luft II ,VI and Mauthausen. In most of the cases those who were caught were executed an cremated.

 240   sarah vagman 

Sarah Vagman, from Akkerman (Odessa District) one of the numerous women rapped & massacred by Romanian Army soldiers in WWII

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       Those Jews murdered by the Einsatzgruppe D , Romanestis & even Luftwaffe which machined gunned in Bessarabia , Bucovina, South Ukraine and Crimea.

A sensless victim of the Barbarian  Romanians who occupied Akkerman on July 1941 , Sarah Vagman was murdered on Aug 1, 1941 along with many other Jews from Akkerman ( Cetatea Alba) . When the Romanians approached Akkerman , other than the airmen of 5 SBAP and 168 IAP stationed near Akkerman just few miles away from her house who could flee to Northern Ukraine, Sarah and family had no planes and  no place where to seek refuge to  . On a hot day of August 1, 1941 when other Romanestis were spending their summer vacations in Bucharest  ,she was rapped murdered along with family by Antonescu’s Army’s “heroic soldiers “

 TIRASPOL  sb POW POW MATHAUSEN

Sgt.Pilot Ponomarev 132 BAP Kirowograd and Grigoriopol , shot down at Iasi 25.6.1941 , at Iasi Hospital , POW Budesti Romania  1941,handed over by the Iasi’s Mayor to SS, died at Stalag XVII-A in 1942 due poor nutrition and desease.

  17+aprilie  patrascanu (1) 1946

Prof.Lucretiu Patrascanu unfortunately a Communist and  one of the most capable Romanian politicians on post WWII era presided war atrocities tribunal in Bucharest sentenced to death Antonescu and his clan who later on like other rare good Romanian politicians became victim of his own system ending up being executed at Jilava Prison.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vC1ThlPjlWQ&noredirect=1
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y234mHmBAHs
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To the Soviet Infantery Recon unit which  fought, captured and executed in Transilvanya the war criminal SS General Phelps commander of SS Division Prinz Eugen ” and who were not awarded anything for their bravery by Stalin’s Stavka.

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Sgt.Tamara Mejidurskaya , Soviet partizan executed by Romanian occupants of Odessa in 1942 for having participated on the blow up of their Hdq.

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Vernie , RAAF Navigator on AVM Stevenson’s crew , UK Commission Bucharet who assisted my research

              57958.b  У Бр. ворот 1951-2  У Рейхстага 1951-2 176592_original

Those who dreamt of Stalingrad and woke up in Berlin begging Ivan & Yanks for peace and bread  

              alpha   bravo

           Soviet troops near Targu Frumos 1944 and 2015 same scenario same junk 

Because of those Nazis and Stalinists psycho maniacs more than 180 Million souls were killed murdered and died in WWII

It’s a fact, some of them started their political careers in public jails, once a terrorist, always a terrorist 

                     young-Bolshevik-Stalin   646x404    gheorghiu_dej_35817700            images        benito_mussolini      A (2)

                     Stalin Okhrana Jail       Dej Doftana Jail     Dej Doftana     Hitler Landsberg Jail   Il Duce Roma     Antonescu &  Mihai               

 The forgotten Hitler’s Ally .

Однажды цыган – всегда цыган! Забытый гитлеровский союзник.

226 (2)  226 (4) a Vara1_0 Untitled1  mih

ff                                                                                                                 tram

It was just a simple soccer game, Bucharest 1941                                       High Tec junk with postal drop box & peasants in Bucharest 1939

Notorious history of the Romanian side switching strategy  1941 – 2015

Together Forever / Forever Together

nazi_war_flag_by_greatkingpest-d4aaqhk  ropnc

AAA

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Forever Together 

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AAArr

CHANGE SIDE (2)  CHANGE SIDE

Can you believe that ?  All it took was a Stalingrad lesson to change sides and habbits for a while

A (1)   A (2)  A (3)  A (4)  A (5)

Strategic-partnership-USA-Romania

AAArrww

c (3) NAZIS FLAGGEN Romanians carry Romanian flag and the Iron Guard sign during a commemoration of Zelea Codreanu's death near Bucharest c (4)

Romania = Complicity only second to Nazis

 If you share my Blog’s opinions , speak up your mind . The Net site  “Jewish Crimes against Romanians in 1940 ”  was created and the facts are the fabrication of the same Neo Nazi and ill Romanian minds from WWII Romanian Army Forum whoby the way also harassing this Blog and the other Hungarian Blog since creation .

  Gentlemen, history repeats  !

 My school time in Bucharest 13 years after war’s end ,Fascists were long gone,Communism was midst of golden era one may imagine Romania has changed , though was a misleading picture . The society didn’t really change the same old past story ,hidden antisemitism ,ethnic conflicts still at large in a form or another, something always characterised this Nation then and now .  How could the US, EU and NATO forget their role into the WWII, their Fascist and Nazist  past and damages they caused to NATO in Bruxelles and Paris by their infiltrated spies in the 70’s

 Fair treatment of US & Brit POW’s in Romania is a Romanian fairy tale which doesn’t fit ony any history books , it doesn’t improve the overall picture of the Romanian Army war crimes committed on the occupied territories , the millions of people killed in Moldova, Bessarabia, Transnistria, Ukraine ,Crimea and rest of USSR later on in Hungaria. The majority of the people sympathise on surface with US, EEC which helpped them out of their economical collapse,though in reality Antisemitism ,Antonescu’s, Hitler nostalgies and Neo Nazism gained again a foot hold in Romania of 2015.  Take a look at the shots below and for a few minutes remember the terrible past of WWII.  Each leader below in a way or another betrayed his people, each lied their own Nation each made profit out millions killed , two of them won Pobeda order in their role in defeating Hitler , though each was a traitor of his country and a tyran.

Romanians Dictonary in 2015

JIDANI = DIRTY JEWS (ANY JEW)

JIDANI ZIONISTI = DIRTY ISRAELI JEWS

BOANGHINI = HUNGARIAN CITIZENS

BOLSCHEVITCHI / COMUNISTI = RUSSIAN FEDERATION CITIZENS

HAMBURGER / CAPITALISTI = US CITIZENS

BOGATASI = ROMANIAN JEWISH LED ” MOB  ”

ION ANTONESCU = EROUL NATIONAL ( NATIONAL HERO)

HMS MIHAI  = TRADATORUL ( TRAITOR) SPLIT OPINIONS

NATO = MARIONETE  (PUPETS)

HOMOSEXUAL = ANY ONE WHO CAN’T GET ALONG WITH ROMANIAN FEMALES

JIDAN BOLSCHEVIK = DIRTY COMMUNIST JEW ( ANY ONE WHO CRITICIZES ROMANIA)

ZIGANI = GIPSIES = ROMANIANS  ( nick from abroad )

ROMANI GANAV = ROMANIAN THIEF   ( Israeli nick for Romanians )

SA-M„nner beim Kleben von Boykott-Plakaten vor einem jdischen Gesch„ft in Mnchen

BERLIN   1939  “WE DON’T SERVE JEWS ” 

Cocosul decapitat 2

BUCHAREST  2012  “WE DON’T SERVE DIRTY JEWS ” 

           ht 2 cap3

 Radu Mazare, Mayor of Constanza 2012  Nazi sympathiser

( spare time occupation )

Strategic-partnership-USA-Romania

If you think that they are gone , then you are wrong, here are they again just slightly trimmed

4sVsac1   OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA   kurva  _dam0951 romanestis

Second shot from left De Cezare proudly wearing Hitler’s iron cross again

Elbit Electronics Israel, we Served United States of Romania & Ukraine  ” 

Mig29Cockpit                                                            mig29sm01

BEFORE : ROAF MUSEUM TYPE MIG COCKPITS       AFTER : ELBIT ISRAEL MISSION AVIONICS UPGRADE

The rise of Antonescu’s Empire

JJ  ziganii   PIGANTONESCU  maresalul-antonescu-si-evreii

Reference Material 

Col. Dr. Petre  Otu – Romanian Armed Forces Historical Research Center ,Prof.Mihail Ionescu -Military Historical Research Romania, Bundes Archives, Baden Wuertnberg Archives, Foreign Office Archives, FSB Archives, CIA Archives , NARA Archives ,   “Michael King of Romania ”  by  Ivor Porter ,  “Operation Autonomous ” by Ivor Porter ,  “Hitlers’ Forgotten Ally ” by Dennis Deletant , ” Romanian SSI  &  OSS Files ” by Frank Wisner , “Operation Ranji ”  , ” From Hitler’s Doorsteep ” by Neal H Petersen, ” OSS”  by Richard Harris Smith , “Operatives, Spies Saboteurs ”  by P.O’Donnell, “Stalin the Red Tzar ” by S.Montifiore , “The Secret File of J.Stalin ” by R.Brackmann, ” Sharing Secrets with Stalin ” by B.Smith, “Passage to Valhalla ” Vol II ,by Bill Filli  “The Princess &  I ” R.Britt , “DLM und Lufwaffe Mission Bucharest 1941-1944″ by Gen.Gerstenberg , Tzeniha Yveret ” by Amos Etinger ,Survivig Holocaust in Romania  ” by  I.Butnaru ” The Black Sunday” by Mike Hill , Russian State Archive OBD , 3 Fold  Archives ,Das Archiv der Deutsche Luftwaffe/ Personen,  Freiburg i.Breisgau , NARA  , Yad Vah Shem  Archives, Steven Spielberg Archives , over 277  US, UK and Soviet airmen ex Romania POW’s interviewed by me  ,and 78 other books and many sources  from Romania, Germany, UK and US.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         CHAPTER- I
 Hitler talks, Romanians walk .
 
 
                                                l  zigani  grp6pc  k

     Vasile & Gheorghe  Romanian Stukistis ?  No way, just a Luftwaffe error even H.U.Rudel laughed about !       

JU-87 Escadrila de Picaj would become the bigest hunt of the Soviet fighters during both Iasi-Chisinau campaigns near Vulturul, Podul Iloei , Valea Lupului and Falesti in 1944 as god’s payback for what the Romanian did in 1941 exactly there , 78 out of total of 142  JU-87’s shot down by the Soviets would be Romanian.These were the planes used by the Romanestis to attack civilians & Red Army in occupied Russia  in 1941-1944

Undoubtedly and prior WWII Romania’s military Industrial might may have had his good moments here and there you could find old and bold pilots, though in WWII this Royal Romanian flying circus was less efficient than other Axis air powers which retreated first from Stalingrad , not even the Italian and Spanish squadrons evacuated Stalingrad at the pace of our friends from Bucharest .

A (7) pauker  2NDRIGHT

The red  tyrans 1937 ,from left to right except the greatest Russian traitor Koba, Kalinin, Molotov,the Tyrans Voroschilov,Kaganovitch, Yezov , Migokyan

Complicity only second to Nazis 

ropnc                                                                                             

What the Romanians said in the past and present is very hard to distinguish between reality and fiction ( Lt.Cdr Frank Wissner ) Strategic Studies of an OSS Operative, Romania 1944-1945. The Romanians willingly not recognizing  their  World War II genocidal actions against Ethnics,Jews,Russians,Hungarians been cited by various institutions overseas for a call of apology and the urging of the Romanian government to take constructive measures such as engaging in Holocaust education and constructing memorials.  

Typically unpublicized, next to the Nazis Romania was responsible for the deaths of more Jews during the Holocaust than any other German-allied country.    During World War II, the Nazi-allied Romanian government was complicit in the murder of approximately 400,000 Jews, both on Romanian soil and in villages and forests throughout Ukraine and Moldova and at least 150’000 Russian citizens in Crimea and Stalingrad.

As late as 2003, the leftist government in Bucharest ,denied a Holocaust had taken place on its territory, prompting a diplomatic row with Israel and forcing the creation of an international commission of experts to study the EU candidate’s Nazi past.The commission revealed that up to 380,000 Romanian and Ukrainian Jews were killed by Romanian civilian and military authorities. Many were slaughtered in pogroms, murdered in forced labor camps or death trains. Another 135,000 Jews living in the Transylvania and 11,000 Roma were killed.  Romania, led by pro-Nazi Marshal Ion Antonescu became an ally of Germany in 1940 when it turned into Adolf Hitler’s main operational base in southeastern Europe.

 But it switched sides shortly before the end of World War II when it became clear the Third Reich’s days were numbered. The commission compiled undeniable evidence that implicated Romanian culpability in the systematic murder of Jews. It also found that Romania bore responsibility for the deaths of more Jews than any other German allied country other than Germany herself.

At lest 80’000  Red Army officers and soldiers have died due bad treatment in the Romanian Camps at Tiraspol,  Slobozia, Galati, Fierbinti, Cracunesti, Budesti, Calafat, Constanza, Vulcanesti,Corbeni,Feldioara,Vaslui,Maia, Thigina,Bolgrad, Independenza , further more 12’000 Russian POW’s died after the war due to poor conditions in the Romanian POW camps.    Over 18’000 Russian citizen including partizans were executed by the Romanian Army between 1941 -1944  in Crimea, Ukraine, Stalingrad ,Moldova and Bessarbia.  Gavril Olteanu was a leader of a paramilitary group, part of the Maniu Guards during WWII which became notorious for the killing over 4000 of ethnic Hungarians in Transylvania. On 26 September 1944, members of the paramilitary Maniu Guard led by Gavril Olteanu massacred a number of Hungarian civilians in Aita Seacă village, Sândominic, Huedin, Aghireş, and other localities around Transylvania. 

At the request of Soviet representatives  on behalf of the Allied Commision in Bucharest led by Lt.Gen.Susaykov and Brig.Gen Vinogradov , the Romanian authorities disbanded the Maniu Guard, arrested Gavril Olteanu, and sentenced him to imprisonment.He died in the prison at Auid in 1950   Disputed are the “what ifs ” Romania would have fought Stalin rather allow  the occupation of Bessarabia and Northern Bucovina in 194o by the Red Army which just emerged glorious from Khalkin Ghol conflict.   Romania was a weak and torn apart  Nation  , with a King about to abdicate and  no real leadership on any of the political arenas,  that’s why it happened how it happened  then .  The Romanians of today suffer of selective amnesia and fabricating propaganda lies about Fascism and Nazism when it comes to Romanian Army crimes against Jewish  popuplation of Rumania , Ukraine and the occupied Russia between 1941-1944.

        zigani  ziganii  ziganii romani   Passanten betrachten deutsches Kriegsspielzeug in einer Schaufenstervitrine

The Romanian  ” Intellectuals  ” of 1942.  

I am firmly convinced that Romanian Army capitulation while turning their weapons against their old friends , was simply an act of lacking choices whatsoever rather than remorse for their war atrocities nor as a sign of solidarity with the Allies which they hated.   Brain washed and manipulated again by their old commanders and Army echelons such as the war criminal and  convinced Nazi Avramescu the Romanian soldiers joined the Allies to fight against their old brother in arms in Czechoslovakia  and Hungaria. Romanian Army was far from motivated and the trust in the  new venture was on both sides equally low . During the Hungarian campaigns realising that Avramescu played mickey mouse with them , they got the bastard secretly shot . Worth to mention however Tudor Vladimirescu Division and those Romanians who fought against Nazis in Hungaria and Czechoslovakia and put their lives on the line towards final victory against Hitler eventhough I am not convinced their actions can be accounted to personal believes rather as a last choice to evade Soviet military detentions camps Siberia.  Why? very simple , because Romanians always hated Russians .

CHAPTER- III

” Return to Innocence”  pictorial review of  Romanian WWII  selective Amnesia

 ropnc                           ropnc

More than half Million people were murdered and died due to the Fascist & Nazist Romanian Army activities in WWII , their graves are spread across all over Eastern Europe and yet the Romanians were not brought to Nuerenberg like war tribunals for their WWII role, the war crimes they commited and the mess they created with the Germans in Europe . Because our Georgian friend Stalin wanted so. It’s totally foolish to believe that they have changed since then.

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Romanians  SS &  SD  Volunteer Corps  1941-1944

Those who don’t believe it watch this Youtube footage
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q2HPaFYQoRo

arthur_phelps  foto-12 Phleps Artur-Phleps

Romanian Army General, later SS Obergruppenfuehrer Arthur Phelps corporate identity switching tactics ( Roumanian, German, Bosnian-German )

This war criminal was commander of SS Eugen Mountain Division later led by the famous Otto Skorzeny ,who was captured and executed near Arad Romania along with few of his subordinates on September 21, 1944  by an advanced recon unit of the Red Army. His remains were burned and spread. The unit which captured him may have been awarded Suvorov Order however his remains unclear. The bastard was responsible for the death of at least  137’000 human beings. There are rumours he was a Homosexual.

The Romanian War Criminal and Doctor ” Death ” Fritz Klein

grossrosen12  beast  dirty roman  f klein POLAND-HOLOCAUST-WWII-CONCENTRATION CAMP-AUSCHWITZ

Above : Romanian”Volksdeutsche ” Fritz Klein , Auschwitz Death Doctor

SS Doctors 34808caspesius  AuschwitzRampebeschriftet

Above photos :  Romanian beast and SS Death Doctor Victor Capesius who escaped punishment

After the start of WWII in 1939, Capesius joined the Romanian army and rose to the rank of captain while serving at a military hospital’s pharmacy. As an ethnic German, Capesius moved to the Waffen-SS after Romania joined the Axis powers in 1940.After training at the SS-Zentrale Sanitäranlage (Central Sanitary Facility) in Warsaw, he was sent to Dachau Concentration Camp in September 1943; he worked there until his subsequent transfer to Auschwitz Concentration Camp in February 1944. In Auschwitz, he acted as the attending KZ-Apotheker (pharmacist) until the camp was evacuated in January 1945.  Capesius worked closely with Josef Mengele and together they were heavily involved in the selection of inmates for the gas chamber . In Auschwitz, he had risen to the rank of SS-Sturmbannführer, in November 1944, and was in charge and control of the chemicals used in the extermination of the Jews, such as phenol and Zyklon B. This, it should be noted, was during the mass murder of almost 400,000 Hungarian Jews.

Wierd outcome of the Luftwaffe General Oberst Alexander Löhr IV Luftlotte trial’s

  lohr alexander generalobrst1  alexloehr1   Russland, Generäle Löhr und W. v. Richthofen  

Guided by over professionalism, wrong patriotism and stupidity, Luftwaffe Gen.Obt. Alexander Loehr executed on order from Tito.

About 12,000 Romanians wore the uniform of Waffen SS, having the (Romanian) tricolour on their sleeve.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q2HPaFYQoRo

  8 6 1211 

nazis shopping  Rumänien, NSDAP-Männer mit Geschenken  4  08-105-1

A Romanian division kept up under the leadership of the celebrated Otto Skorzeny, fought until the last moment against Soviet troops, agreeing that they should surrender only to the special commandos of the Allied forces formed by Romanians. In the time of the greatest worldwide conflagrations, a large number of Romanian citizens, of Romanian or German nationality fought as volunteers in other armies, in the forefront of the Wehrmacht and in the Red Army.

From its beginning, the SS was a paramilitary formation organised in sections, companies, squadrons and regiments. Subsequently, alongside these formations, were created Waffen SS units. Within these units Romanian citizens, Romanians as well as ethnic Germans, who enlisted voluntarily, also participated. Until the summer of the year 1944, with the exception of the Saxons, Romanians did not serve in Germany military units but actively participated and orchestrated atrocities against ethnics in Romanian and Soviet POW’s  in Romania and Russian occupied territory .

About 75,000 Romanian Saxons wore German uniform After the occupation of Yugoslavia and the transfer of Serbian Banat to German administration, the leaders of the German communities suggested that volunteers within Banat could be more easily persuaded to enlist should an SS unit be created especially for them. Thus the 7th Prinz Eugen Mountain Division was founded in Romania.

The commander of this division at the beginning was but Artur Phleps, previously general in the Romanian army, who subsequently became commander of the SS Mountain Corps. As a consequence of the heavy losses suffered by the Germans, on 13 April 1943 Antonescu finally agreed that members of the German community could enlist in the German armed forces. Up until the end of 1943, more than 60,000 German youths enlisted in Waffen SS units and approximately 15,000 in the Wehrmacht and the Organization Todt.

No  not gipsies neither gays , just some Nazi Romanians

images  gipsy a  dirtromani  dirtromanesti piloti_1_M1

The ” brave Romanestis ”  of WWII

MONEKY assholes (2) assholes

A DEATH TRAP CALLED ODESSA 

aThe Ukrainian city of Odessa was subjected to German aerial bombing on the very first day of the Axis invasion in Jun 1941. On 8 Aug 1941, the Romanian General Staff issued Directive No. 31 calling for the capture of Odessa and the defeat of Soviet forces between the Dniester River and the Tiligulskiy Estuary. Surrounded on three sides, it was originally thought by the Axis leadership that Odessa would fall quickly, but the Soviet Black Sea Fleet was able to transport reinforcements and supplies into the city, preventing the city from being truly enveloped and blunting the first offensive.

The second Axis offensive began on 16 Aug, seeing initial success in the first few days, but by 24 Aug, heavy casualties forced the attacks to pause for a few days. On 15 Sep, Soviet troops began to fall back to the southeast toward the city, and on the following day Romanian troops captured the heights northwest of the Gross-Liebenthal district of Odessa. In early Oct 1941 , Soviet leadership in Moscow had decided to evacuate Odessa and instead deploy its defenders to protect other areas of the Soviet Union.

Through the first two weeks of Oct 1941, the Black Sea Fleet evacuated 121,000 troops and civilians, 1,000 trucks, and 20,000 tons of ammunition; meanwhile, anything that could not be evacuated was sabotaged by the Soviets to prevent Axis use. The evacuation was complete in the evening of 15 Oct, and on the following day Romanian troops entered the city. In the battle for Odessa, the Romanians suffered 17,729 killed, 63,345 wounded, and 11,471 missing. The Soviets suffered 16,578 killed and missing and 24,690 wounded. To Soviets continue to attack Romania from Sevastopol till end of October 1941 and again in 1943 from Krasnodar. In 1944 the German Lufwaffe bases in Crimea suffered massive attacks by the Soviets and they started to redeploy the units to Romania.

Watch  my Youtube presentations and listen to  Red Army Coir melodies  Katiusha,Moscow in May  and Vasya Vasyliok original 1942 ….these were the people the Krauts and Romanians thought to beat !

http://sovmusic.ru/m/katyusha.mp3

http://www.sovmusic.ru/m/moscmay3.mp3

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e_88w6t4Yfc

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ugV2qS-KHMc

Odessa was to be occupied by German and Romanian forces until April 1944. During the occupation, approximately 280,000 citizens, mostly Jews, were massacred and deported while the Romanians carried out most of the genocides with a pretext or an other, in fact all well coreographed lies of Antonescu’s subordinates.

After liberation, Odessa was among the first four of Russian cities to receive the honor Hero City in 1945.  On June 13,1946  Marshall Jukov was repimanded by Staling and appointed as Odessa  District Commander  . Odessa along with Sevastopol , Kerch ,Leningrad and Stalingrad remained one of the most glorious cities during the WWII and many movies were produced in rememberance of her heros.Beneath one of such movies.  Unfortunately unlike Sevastopol and Crimea , Odessa is still under Ukrainian jurisdiction and run by a newly appointed Georgian Governer .

http://filmix.net/19109-zhazhda-serial-2011.html

53 мм l c b полный1 171_0079_007 171_0079_005 attachment.php 1soldat

Romanians entering Odessa October 1941 , first time and last time 

S H H2 II III antitank  oo Учеба Севаст. 1934-35 cimitir   19_aug_1941Kapaclievasute_de_raniti_au_trecut_ai_prin_ambulanta  _Potentiala_deschidere_20  2._Morti_A1421_27

……….   for 95’000 of them certainly their last station in life.

Odessa Romanian Army Hdq.explosion Oct.22,1941 

odes - Kopie

Antonescu’s antisemitic war crimes conspiracy, a faked Romanian story

Blaming the Jews for a bomb which detonated in their Hdq.on Oct.22,1941 eventhough Romanian SSI  clearly knew that there was no Jewish involvement on it ,the Romanian troops began reprisals the same evening. By noon of the  October 23, 1941  5,000 civilians had been seized and shot, most of them Jews. On the morning of October 23, over 19,000 Jews were assembled in nine gunpowder warehouses at the port, and summarily shot, after which the warehouses were set on fire. Some of the prisoners were burned alive.   In fact the detonation at that Rumanian Hdq. had absolutely nothing to do with the Jews !  

Those silly Romanians elected their Hdq. exactly on the previous NKVD State Security building of the Soviets ignoring heds up froma Ukrainian woman who told them that her son worked before in team setting explosives on building’s bassement.   While retreating from Odessa , the Red Army has left on the bulding’s base well hidden charges , a method  practiced by Soviets elsewhere in major cities upon their retreat.  Romanian Army didn’t bother to thorougly search the building while taking possesion.

Then their training must have been substantially inferior to this of the opponent ,naively believing the enemy would leave them a highly classified State Security building as gift . These charges were activated through radio signals as the testemony of the Romanian officer who survived the explosion describes. According the secret files of the Romanian Army , Marshal Antonescu ordered the Odessa  Jews had to be held accountable for the death of the Romanians killed at the Hdq. because according to him Russia was in Jewish hands at that time and Jews masterminded the detonation ! Antonescu’s orders clearly stated  : for every dead Romanian officer 200 Jews, for every NCO 100 Jews and for every soldier 50 Jews to be executed ,in total  Antonescu figured out exactly 22’500 Jews  to be executed.  That afternoon, over 20,000 were led out of the city in a long column in the direction of the village of Dalnik. When they reached Dalnik, they were tied together in groups of 40-50 people, thrown into an anti-tank trenches and shot other put together in a storage house and burned alive .  So why the dumn Romanian fabricated the story with the Jews ?  Because they were Romanians who always hated Jews ethnics were chauvinists ,perverts and uncultured peasants .

Untitled  So whose fault was it then if not this of the Jidanii (Jews) ?

The group leader was NKVD/NKGB  Capt. Alexander Molodtzov (allias Paul Badaev ) born June 5, 1911 in Sasovo, now in the Ryazan region in a Ortodox rail worker family a pure Russian. A member of the CPSU  since 1931. With 18 years of age he started his career as as a mechanic. In October 1930, while with the Komsomol came to work on the mine at Bobrik-Don Moscow coal basin, where he worked for about four years. In 1934 he graduated from Technical School at the Moscow Engineering-Economic Institute. Sofar it doesn’t sound Jewish at all does it ? In July 1941, he headed of one of the divisions of political intelligence of NKVD branch at Odessa                                                                                                                                                                                  

Vladimir Molodtsov was then appointed the head of operational intel and sabotage group special ops. When the Soviet troops evacuated Odessa on  October 1941 he was left behind along with a selected team to plot and conduct sabotage and intelligence activities behind enemy lines. By the way Moldtzov worked in the NKVD building before the war (Romanian Hdqq ) and he knew every spot in there. A week before this incident a similar one occurred at the German Army HDQ  in Kiev . Were the Romanians so stupid or so badly trained to ignore this ? On September 12 the agent Paul Badaev (Molodtzov) reported to Moscow NKVD Center which reached Berya’s desk that the cell was by then  fully  operational.  From a Romanian officer captured during the siege of Odessa  on August ’41 , they received info that Romanian Army will place their HDQ at the former NKVD Building at Marazlievskuyu street

                                                                                                                                                                                                 The explosives charges were hidden on the NKVD Building by end of August ’41 and spare remote radio controlled detonators were given to Captain 1st Rank I.Petrov Odessa Naval Commander and Colonel Hrenov and Kedrinskov chiefs of Odessa Engineers Corps  .The “well trained  “stupid Romanian Army staff ! Berya has personally approved the action which was transmitted to Mejidurskaya  for Molotzov  through an encrypted radio message received by the insurgents underground catacombes  Hdq. Sofar no one of the team members were Jews or as Jew as Antonescu, while Berya was anything but a Jew. So dumn Romanestis what’s the story with the Jews ?  The on site observation teams consisting of two NKVD agents were instructed by radio to leave the area 30 minutes prior the detonation signal which was set for 18:00 hrs on October 22, 1941 . 3rd photo below depicting Mejidurskaya, Molodtzov and an unknown woman all prisoners at Siguranta Jail Odessa in Feb or March 1942 ( note their body language )  . I sincerely admire their sacrifice and courrage only few nations can compare themself to these Russians. 6th photo from left, are Ploesti originating derailed German tank cars by Molodzov’s team sometime on November 1941. An other German passenger and cargo train was derailed by him and his team near Ratzdelnaya (Odessa) on December 1941.

             1d2a tamara mejigurskaya  gorydienko n 22467_2pl 859_1pl 15200_4pl 12228_5plOdessa_10280800

Above : Moldtzov, Mejidurkskaya, Gorydiennko out of 15 Odessa partizans to be  executed on July 1942 by the Romanian Army. Note the US manufactured car which was used by the higher echelons of the Romanestis Army  prior and during WWII.Note the execution of Red Army personnel in uniforms .

 5_hrenov5                                                                    A.F.Hrenov . CO Odessa Engineers Corps
Activities against the Romanian occupiers began October 16, 1941. The Romanian troops were not aware that already in August 1941 preparations were taken by NKVD to mine various installation in Odessa and actived the charges through radio controlled devices . On October 22, 1941 the group of Molodtzov carefully planned and  blew up the Romanian Hdq of General Ion Gologojeanu .
 More than 67 Romanian officers  and a duzin of Germans were found their death under the rubble of the house.  On February 9,1942 Molotzov was captured by Siguranta (SSI) near Odessa which was tipped by an NKVD traitor informer named Fedorovitch who was under treason suspicion already 20 years before this act during the Chekist era.  Along with Molotzov also classified NKVD documents was captured by Siguranta. On their reports to SSI Bucharest, SSI Odessa wrote that Molotzov was a bright , highly skilled and well trained leader who led the operation against the Romanian HDQ of Gen.Gologojeanu in October 1941

 The Romanian military tribunal show trial of Molotzov and his team which lasted till May 29,1942 ended with a death sentence on June 26,1942 for Capt.Molotzov, Sgt.Tamara Mejidurskaya, T.G.Shestakov, Y.Y.Gordinenko,G.N.Shilin , P.I.Millan,S.M.Valkov,N.E.Mazitschenko,P.G.Shevtschenko,M.V Shlliatov,I.E.Bunyakov, P.I.Prodasko ,P.I.Bolonin, none of them were Jewish but pure Ortodox Russians !  Like always the Romanian crooks fabricated also this story and like always the Jews paid with their blood for something they should have done and didn’t do it. 

 When recommended to write a mercy letter to the King of Romania which may have spared his life ( I really doubt  such outcome with Mihai) , Molotzov refused and replied ” We are in our own land and we are not going to ask the enemy who occupied this land for any pardon on our doings “On July 12 1942 Molotzov and Tamara Mejidurskaya along with 12 other insurgents and Red Army personnel were marched from Odessa’s main prison to the Jewish Cemetery of Odessa eventhough none of them were Jewish , executed  and buried on a mass grave . On November 5,1944 Molotzov was awarded for his leadership and bravery the title of Hero of USSR and Mejidurskaya the Red Banner order.   May these brave men and women courrage  and memories be blessed forever and may the Romanestis rotten in hell  for what they did in Odessa, Saki, Nikolaev Sevastopol, Kerch,Stalingrad and USSR in 1941 – 1944.    Irronically and regretfully none of this group members were Jews , for the Jews had a good reason to pay back the dumn Romanian for the Bessarabian and Moldavian atrocities ! The traitor Fedorovitch was arrested and executed on May 1944 by NKVD /Odessa.
 
                                      marasl42  generalul-ion-glogojeanu  a.macici_nicolae_col 117  613 (3)
                                         The  Hdq       Gologojeanu      Repressions against Jews      overfloated Odessa

 Here is the testimony of the single survivor of the Romanian Army massacre of Odessa dated  October  23, 1941  a footage produced by the Romanian Television network.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2n65eZegi7Y

Between 1941 and 1944, German and Romanian authorities murdered or caused the deaths of between 150,000 and 250,000 Romanian and Ukrainian Jews in Transnistria.   At least 270,000 Romanian Jews were killed or died from mistreatment but it is important to mention that Jews were not the only minorities targeted by Romanians gipsies were also affected by the Holocaust, with twenty six thousand deported, around seven thousand massacred, and another three thousand  were starved to death. 

Antonescu and several other officials of the Romanian wartime regime were tried in 1945.     Four of the accused were executed in Romania: Ion Antonescu, Mihai Antonescu, C. Z. Vasiliu, and Gheorghe Alexianu. In dozens of cases civil servants and high-ranking officers had death sentences commuted. However, most Romanian perpetrators were never brought to justice. 

 The Soviet army overran most of Transnistria in the spring of 1944 and Bessarabia was conquered in the first weeks of the Iasi – Kishinew  summer offensive.  Thanks to many of Stalin’s wrong assesments about Romania , many of their grand fathers got away with their WWII war crimes and hidden well under the communist regime in the post WWII era , thus escaping  capital punishments in contrary to their brother in arms who ended up on front of war tribunals.

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3rd Reich’s Iron Crosses awarded to Romanian Generals for “innocence ” in WWII

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Take a good look at these disgussing Romanian Generals of WWII , though make sure you are not about to have a meal coze otherwise you would vomit . The bastards were responssible for half million deaths in Eastern Europe most of which were Russians, Jews, Hungarians and ethnics etc. Most of the them were hidding later on under the communist regime of Romania escaping war crimes tribunals and capital punishments. Romania of 2015 is proud of them now !

gheorgiu   ARRESTED 2  ARRESTED

One out of few Romanian criminals punished in the post WWII era ( Air Force General Gherghiu ) Stalingrad crimes

                                                    The genuine and the few innocent Romanians

cute  Hellcat_Vraciu-5  images    vraciu   imagesd popovici-a

And those Romanians who rode to hell 

   serbanescu-1 bolschoi fontan 5 bastards2 roamnis odessa43

In 1942 when million other were murdered in the concentration camps, this what the above Romanians  were doing , the former mountain trooper  and  now pilot A.Serbanescu (middle) along with a JG 3 pilot  who seems to have loved the Germans until his very last moment . He was sent in hell by the 15th Air Force Forts gunners in 1944 . The last photo on the right showing the Romanian Army personnel enjoing an afternoon walk on Odessa’s main street in June 1943. Unlike this mountain trooper Serbanescu whose Eastern campaign aerials are still  doubtful , the top Romanian scoring ace   Prince Captain “Bazu” Cantacuzino did not sympathise with the Germans, later on while in Spain regreted the loss of lives in Soviet Union.

6

 SS “Death Doctors”  along with their Romanian friends at Odessa planning mass murders.

mmd                                                         rom bitches

Mickey Mouse & Donald Duck 1941                        Women Emanicipation training Eastern Front 1941

gypsys    maps   romania-olocausto

A private PR campaign in the occupied Odessa of a Romanian nut flyer along with a bunch of  “railway clerks ” luckily dressed as pilots in 1943.

Right  : Romanian extermination camps map  throughout Bessarbia, Bucovina, Transnistria and Ukraine at the same period she was conducting PR at Odessa.                                                                           

*******************************************************************************************************************************************

CHAPTER- IV

ATROCITIES AGAINST RED ARMY  & SOVIETS  1941 -1944

POW

While the Romanestis during the entire war mistreated  the Soviet airmen POW’s , that’s the treatment the Romanestis got from the Russians in early 1941

( Photo : ” From Barbarossa to Odesss, Bernard /Karlenko )

Romania Soviet POW Camps CO’s COL.V. Chazanovitch  & Batl.Comms. A.Randyn

http://resources.ushmm.org/film/display/detail.php?file_num=1425

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oa8XheSeD70

Mid : Lt.Col.Litton at Vicenzo Airfield 1944  Right : Two WWII Heros,  Lt.Col.Jim Gunn and Capt. “Bazu” Cantacuzino, Foggia Aug 26,1944

Cemeteries of Soviet POW’s who died in the Romanian camps between 1941-1944 , spread across Romania.    1st photo from left the remains of Budesti,military hospital compound as it looks today

budesti2  buzau cluj cluj2 fierbinti hargita  hargota2 jilava2 prahova slobozia2 sloboziia cem vaslui vaslui3 feldioara5 slobozia3 slobozia5 vulcanii maya

SOVIET POWs CAMPS  ROMANIA         ALLIED AIRMEN  POW’s CAMPS ROMANIA

 Use Dates

Camp Nr.

Prisoners Camp Location   IRON GRD  BARRACKS  Apr -May 1944     Boucharest  Off & NCO’s

1941 – 1942

Лагерь №

1

Slobozia- Ialomnita            SCHOOL HOUSE              May -Aug 1944    Boucharest  Off  & NCO’s Lagarul 13

1941 – 1942

Лагерь №

1

Slobozia- Ialomnita            TIMISUL DE SUS              Aug ’43 – Aug. 1944  Timisul      Officers

1941

Лагерь №

1

Slobozia- Ialomnita            TIMISUL DE JOS              Aug ’43 – Aug  1944  Timisul      NCO’s

1942

Лагерь №

2

 Feldioara -Brasov      Queen Hellena Hospital   April-Aug.  1944         Bucharest   Off. &  NCO’s

1941 – 1944

Лагерь №

2

Feldioara –Brasov       Sinaia Military Hospital   Aug 1,1943   – January 1944        Off. & NCO’s

1941

Лагерь №

3

Indpendenta „ Galati „  Constanza Naval Hospital  1941-1944    Constanza  Soviet Off. & NCO’s

1941 – 1943

Лагерь №

3

Indpendenta „ Galati „

1942

Лагерь №

3

Indpendet „ Galati „

1942 – 1943

Лагерь №

3

Indpendet „ Galati „

1941 – 1943

Лагерь №

4

Vaslui

1941 – 1943

Лагерь №

4

Vaslui

1941 – 1942

Лагерь №

5

Тighina

1941 – 1943

Лагерь №

5

Тiraspol

1941 – 1944

Лагерь №

5

Тiraspol

1941 – 1942

Лагерь №

6

Dornesti (Calafat)

1941 – 1943

Лагерь №

6

Dornesti (Calafat)

1941 – 1942

Лагерь №

7

Balti (Budesti)

1941 – 1942

Лагерь №

7

Balti (Budesti)

1941 – 1942

Лагерь №

8

Bolgrad

1941 – 1942

Лагерь №

8

Bolgrad

1941 – 1943

Лагерь №

9

Vulcan

1941 – 1943

Лагерь №

9

Vulcan

1941

Лагерь №

10

Аlexandria-Corbeni

1941 – 1943

Лагерь №

10

Аlexandria-Corbeni

1942

Лагерь №

11

Tiraspol – Bessarabia   also Hospital

1941 – 1943

Лагерь №

11

Tiraspol – Bessarabia

1941 –

Лагерь №

12

Gaesti

1941 –

Lagarul

13

Dulag 202 Budesti also Hospital

1941 –

Лагерь №

16

 Jilava

1941 -1943

Лагерь №

17

Timisoara

1943

Лагерь №

17

Timisoara

 1941 –

 

 Lagarul

 

Ferbinti       mainly Soviet officers

 1941 –

 

 Lagarul

 

 Craciunesti

 1941 –

 

 Lagarul

 

Tighina     

Russland-Süd, Rumänen, russische Kriegsgefangene  Untitled Untitled2 holocausta 2 3 6 Russland, russische Kriegsgefangene (Juden) 9  11 sowjetische Kriegsgefangene bei BaltaSandbostel, sowjetische Kriegsgefangene16  18 Russen1  20 storypart_172622 Krim, russische Soldaten bei Gefangennahme ODESSA (1) 69319 76154 81525 s j m e 081 12    BASTARDOS2  BASTARDOS J  targfrum TARGFRUM (5) TARGFRUM (3) TARGFRUM (2) TARGFRUM (1) Rumänien, Schützenpanzer auf Brücke rechinul   Untitled3 Untitled  Untitled1 Untitled3 Untitled5  legionari8bastard romanias5  bastard romanias Untitled5 9161656416gau9kdwqk0888   odessa roma arad  a  BessarcI  basto  L  Odessa Romanian-infantry-01 yassko4    c      2020 Bessaram  tumblr_m8gkc4inrX1rc7erjo1_500  d  B  luftwaffe interog  cmp  images  Romanian-infantry-07 44  1033 j prut 1944 original3  0kue162183fp t-34 пленных украинцев отпускают по домам  14_augstrasbourg_cuciurganultimele_clipe_de_repaus_0 6_Defileaza_prin_Chisinau  4_144 2_cu_noroi_DSC02646 _buna_12 TIRASPOL        d2_5  1 (2)   Einsatz sowjetischer Kriegsgefangener für die Treibstoffversorgung der deutschen Luftwaffe  digging_a_grave   waiting_for_death burning_people_alive2      A (2)    A (4) A (5) A (6)

Take a look at the gruesome  images of the Germans and their Romanian friends  atrocities in Ukraine

The disturbing photos above showing what the Romanians and Germans war criminals have caused in Russia and on their one way  adventure trip to hell  ,photos of German Army Einsatz Gruppe Ost  are also associated to Romanian Army involvement on the specific front segement . On how stupid these Romanians and their German friends must have been to believe that they would be better off than Napoleon able to conquere the largerst country in the world .

 CHAPTER-V

The Treatment of Soviet POWs: Starvation, Disease, and Shootings, June 1941- January 1942

*******************************************************************************************************

From the very beginning, German policy on the treatment of Soviet prisoners of war (POWs) was determined by Nazi ideology which was adopted and folowed by the Romanians . German political and military leaders regarded Soviet POWs not only as racially less valuable but as potential enemies, obstacles in the German conquest of ‘living space.” The Nazi regime claimed that it was under no obligation for the humane care of prisoners of war from the Red Army because the Soviet Union had not ratified the 1929 Geneva Convention on Prisoners of War, nor had it specifically declared its commitment to the 1907 Hague Convention on the Rules of War. Technically both nations, therefore, were bound only by the general international law of war as it had developed in modern times. Yet even under that law, prisoners of war were to be protected.

 Soviet prisoners of war were the first victims of the Nazi policy of mass starvation in the east. In August 1941, the Romania army set a ration of just 2,800 calories per day for working Soviet prisoners of war. Even this was not enough to sustain life for long, but in practice the POWs received much less than the official ration. Many Soviet prisoners of war received at most a ration of only 900 calories a day. Within a few weeks the result of this “subsistence” ration, as the Romanian army termed it, was death by malnutrition. The POWs were often provided, for example, only special “Russian” bread made from sugar beet husks and straw flour. Suffering from malnutrition and nearing starvation, numerous reports from the late summer and fall of 1941 show that in many camps in Romania  the desperate POWs tried to ease their hunger by eating grass and leaves.

 The Romanians  made little provision to shelter most of the prisoners they took from the Soviet military. Eventually the Germans & Romanians established makeshift camps but the lack of proper food, clothing, and shelter took a terrible toll. Often the prisoners had to dig holes in the ground as improvised shelter from the elements. By the end of 1941, epidemics (especially typhoid and dysentery) emerged as the main cause of death throughout the Romanian camps. By December 1941 alone, almost 400 Soviet POWs died each day. The onset of winter accelerated the mass death of Soviet POWs, because so many had little or no protection from the cold.  Even in POW camps in Romania, Soviet POWs had often been left for months to vegetate in sod houses.  By the winter of 1941, starvation and disease resulted in mass death of unimaginable proportions. The officers POW’s were treated slightly better and were accomodated on barracks.

Many Soviet soldiers, including many wounded, died on the way to the prisoner collection centers and transit camps at Dulag 202 Budesti mainly enroute from Crimea;  Most of the prisoners captured in 1941 had to march to the rear across duzin of miles and those who were too exhausted to continue were shot When Soviet POWs were transported by Romanian trains, the Armed Forces High Command permitted only open freight cars to be used. Sometimes days went by without the prisoners receiving any rations on their ways from Sevastopol and Kerch . This resulted in an enormous loss of life during winter months. Reference is being made to the POW’s from Sevastopol, Kerch, Odessa, Nikolayev etc.

 Hitler expected a quick conclussion of his Barbarossa campaign . In this regard he and his military planners were caught in their own ethnic and racial stereotypes and arrogance. They thought of Slavs as stupid and incompetent and believed that the Communist Soviet Union was in the grip of Jews ( information partially supplied by NKVD officers POW’s) , whom they regarded as cowardly and perfidious. Such attitudes caused the German leaders to make some severe miscalculations.  Initial German military successes were indeed gigantic; German units reached the outskirts of Moscow by early December 1941. Hitler and his Hdq. had anticipated quick victory, another lightning war ending with German victory. But the German invasion did not turn out as planned and the German army was exhausted after months of campaigning.

 The Soviets were better equipped and ready to endure more than the German planners forecasted while the Germans themselves were overextended and had not thought it necessary to prepare the army for winter. Moreover, the speedy German advance had caused the forces to outrun their supply lines, which were vulnerable due to the great distances involved (Moscow is almost 1,000 miles east of Berlin). In December 1941, the Soviet Union launched a major counter offensive against the center of the front, driving the Germans back from Moscow blockade in chaos. Only weeks later were the Germans able to stabilize the front east of Smolensk, but it was clear to everybody, even Hitler, that the war would last much longer than they had anticipated eventually turn into a complete mess.

 By  January 1942, Hitler authorized better treatment of Soviet  (POWs) affecting also those quarterred in Romania because the war had bogged down and German authorities decided Soviet POWs were a useful source of labour. The labor shortage in the German occupied Eastern Europe war economy was reaching critical margins. They provided Soviet POWs with slightly better rations — though they were still far short of the rations allotted to the Allied  POW’s and to the German civilian population. As a result, the enormous death rate among the Soviet POWs was contained, but until the end of the war it was still much higher than that among the other POWs.

 In 1943 and 1944, however, the death rates soared again due to starvation and diseases throught the Romanian camps. Soviet POWs were involved in heavy labor: building roads, in coal mining, agriculture, and construction. The change in policy towards soviet POWs underscores the commitment of the Nazi regime to the killing of Jews. By Early 1943 Hermann Goering ordered that all Soviet airmen POW be separated from the main Soviet POW body and all be kept captive at Stalag Luft II and VI  Litzmannstadt Poland and Koenigsberg, Lithuania  . The idea behind this strategy was to enable the German Intel AbW/StO to better interrogate the airmen thus allowing the Luftwaffe to recruit traitors for Vlasow’s Army which was gaining momentum at that time.  

 After the war, the suffering of Soviet POWs who survived German captivity did not end. While they were liberated from Nazi camps, Soviet authorities often accused its POWs of collaboration with the Nazis. After their repatriation, many of them faced interrogation and trial before Soviet authorities. In most cases they were convicted of collaboration and sentenced to confinement in a Soviet forced-labor camp same convincted to death .

Maj.Pugatchev’s last battle

  A

http://filmin.ru/20635-posledniy-boy-mayora-pugacheva.html

The Last Battle of Major Pugatchev is one of the best war movies I ever saw  .Very reallistic movie the soundtrack was composed by Elena Kamburova which is a great composer. Its about the escape’s story of Maj.Pugatchev from one of the Nazi POW camps near Poland possibly involving  1st or 2nd Ukrainian fronts POW’s.  When refused to join General Vlasow’s Army their barracks were set on fire , escaping a sure death they finally rejoined own troops The rest is about their saga and suffer while  tortured by NKVD ,the deportation to a  Stalinist camp in Siberia.

Watch this outstanding Russian Movie online. Knowledge of Russian language may be required.

ATROCITIES AGAINST  JEWISH POPULATION  &  ETHNIC GROUPS  IN ROMANIA MOLDAVIA,BESSARBIA,UKRAINE,RUSSIA & HUNGARIA

              gheto dej  kishinw  podul ilo  jew getto dej id id2  tibor rosenberg  Jozsef Gecse, a Hungarian Nazi who was active in the ghetto, aids a Romanian man examine the body of a Jew killed in the ghetto in Dej. tarnopol BESS POGR   jew killing ivangorod deports3 Lagar-2  kischinev2  nazis A (1) A (2) A (3) A (4) A (5) t    bessarbia ziganii

The above shots were taken  during the 1941 Iasi pogroms, the death trains Iasi – Podul Iloei -Targul Frumos , at Balti Cernauti and Chisinau massacres . Note the Jewish Romanian Army NCO’s would be murdered too.  Irronically,  3 years later ,on the same perimeter thousand of Romanian and German soldiers  will meet the fate of the Jews, and other several thousand would never return again from the Siberian camps .  Both Armies will never be able to mount an offensive in the East again and in a Kursk like disaster they would be totally smashed. Below a link on the war atrocities of the Romanians at Leova , Moldavia  1941 and 1942.

CHAPTER- VII

Romanians &  Co. the Judgement Day !

Live by the sword , die by the sword beaten to hell by Ivan of the “Peasant’s Army “

The photos beneath depicting  the once proud and glorious Rumanian Army beaten to death in Odessa, Sevastopol, Stalingrad ,Kerch ,Kursk,Belgorod and Iasi-Chisinau campaigns etc marching like dogs to Soviet camps and war cemeteries . Of course the collective guilt  is something hard to prove, but when you repeat Napoleon’s mistake lose the war, the best can happen is to still be alive.   Nice of the Sovietsky Commrades for letting the madogs keep their Romanian peasant’s hat to prevent Siberian brain freezing effect  .  

Here are they again the victorious Romanians & their companions , courtesy Red Army

1  romanesti pigs ODESSA5 ODESSA3 ODD  pow   german-luftwaffe-pilots 1944  k   pigs (2)   pigs   krauts2    krauts3  pow2  pow  armir2 captive k2  stalingrad-kriegsgefangenschaft027 p-d-r-vanatori-de-munte  Romanian POWs  Romanian POWs from Battle of Stalingrad 22_1 original RATS PAYDAY (6)PAYDAY (5)PAYDAY (1)  PAYDAY (2) PAYDAY (4) 646x404

GERMAN & ROMANIAN PRISONERS OF WAR RECEIVING BREAD ,INSTEAD OF A BULLET 

Instead of a bullet in their forehead which all of them had well deserved, those German war criminals, captured after the Stalingrad defeat, used to receive from Soviets hot food, bread, medical aid, warm shelter, and even tobacco, what a humanity mistake.

a (2)  a (3) a (4) a (5) a (6) a (7) a (8) a (9) a (10) a (11) a (12) a (13) a (15) a (14) a (16) german_captives_smoking bread_for_german_pows german_pows_at_stalingrad500 russian_lieutenant_giving_smoke_german_pows

Russian Partisans engagements near Romanian fronts

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Murder of General Vatutin by Ukrainean & Romanian insurgents , Ukraine 1943

             98b417043c65 a4c1d9cb19ef1e895b907c32  2a776fbd57d0  d473bcbbffc3 vatutyn kiev

Marching in hell together ,  Ion &  Fritz seen below side by side in a Russian cemetery together with the other”Romanestis ” who travelled on a one way ticket to Russia .

hancesti  fi  ions  odessa dahlink1 BALTI (2) Romanian_soldiers_killed DEADBASTARDS  646x404  Hermann Goering

August 23,1944  the unforgettable lesson

http://resources.ushmm.org/film/display/detail.php?file_num=1381

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Those who laugh last laugh best !  

The reasons for Stalinism & Communism in post WWII  Romania can be answered by those who joined Antonescu and Hitler

buc  1 (1) 43 magheru (1)  magheru (2) soldat sovietic

Bucharest   Bulvd.Magheru in 1941-1944 and the same on August 1944

TARGFRUM (4)  dej      gg GD  friends

“Fritz” the loser  painting “Ivan ” the winner . Iasi, August 1944.        You wanted Hitler you’ve got Stalin ,Vishinsky & Dej , that’s the price !

The WWII is over , Hitler, Antonescu,Mussolini and Stalin are  gone , welcome to the Red Circus of Romania

Stalin Okhrana  646x404  ap

J.Stalin , G.Dej  and Anna Pauker common pasts and future tyrans of Eastern Europe

dej3  dej gdej   dl   ana-pauker-05  ana_pauker_03 clip_image001 ana-pauker-02 ana-pauker-06 ana-pauker-09

Gheorgiu Dej the Stalin of Romania           Anna Pauker, the Trotzky of Romania 

Allied Commission in Bucharest amateurs conflicting eachother’s assignments with similarities to our times,  for the good of the Stalinist Romanias. 

47  WISNER (8) Cortlandt_V_R_Schuyler Fransworth1 WISNER (7)

Nobody took Lr.Cdr.Frank Wissner serious,but the guy saw glass clear the unfolding truth about Romania

The new Soviets are comming or better said welcome to NKVD,NKGB ,GUGB Bucharest

B    makaryev_p_p A saharovskiy_a_m spandaryan_s_s Timofeev_Petr_Petrovich fedi haritonov_f_p WISNER (8)

Greetings to Antonescu’s  ghost from Nikita’s ghost , the leader of  SSR Party Kiev , Bessarbia, Stalingrad, Botosani,Washington architect of the great Ukrainian starvation on the 30’s &  the UN shoe banging clown.

1940 (4) Chisinau40   &   Botosani ’44 a j  JFK  &  UN NY  1962 kk

                                                                                       

     ROMANIAN  BORN WAR CRIMINALS

  1 4 3

SS  Hauptsturmfuehrer  Dr.”Death”  Aribert Heim   ( Mistakenly released by US Army from POW camp, vannished to S.America  &   Egypt)

Eugen-Cristescu-seful-SSI-arestat-de-KGB-la-Lubianka L   F-II390F17 2BASTARDS  Image391

Examples of some Romanian WWII Apes on display in Bucharest

SS Doctors  urdarianu  gheorghe-tatarescu  gafencu  918349-the-great-dictator

 Victor Capesius                         Urdarianu              Tatarescu              Gafencu         Upps sorry, Charlie    

The end of Antonescu and his rat escus partners dinasty  1946

                BASTARD ANTO  antonesc2 antonescu exec antonescu33

                            CHAPTER- VII

 OCCUPATION OF BESSARBIA & N.BUCOVINA 

Before all these troubles started  it seems that Russians, Rumanians and Jews may have all lived in peace together , but not for very long. Despite the painful history of Bessarabia and loss to Soviets sealled in Berlin, by no means this gave the Romanians the right to murder a year later innocent poeple throughout Romania, Bessarabia and Moldova and hold ethnics accountable for their undigested national tragedy.

35-2   p14  Днестр _ Бендеры  У берега Днестр  гор бульв 16_2  35-1

Assured by the Pact of Soviet non agression , Germany started World War II one week later by attacking Poland from the west on September 1, 1939. The Soviet Union acted likewise from the East on September 17, and by September 28,Poland capitulated.  Romanian Prime-Minister Calinescu , a strong proponent of Poland in its conflict with Germany, was assassinated on September 21 by elements of the Romanian Legion movement with candid NSDAP support. Romania remained formally neutral in the conflict, but aided Poland by providing access to Allied military supplies from the Black Sea to the Polish border, and a route for the Polish government and army to withdraw after the defeat through Romania and Romanian airways.

Polish government also preferred a formally neutral Romania because that ensured the safety from German bombardments of supplies through Romanian territory.     On June 2, Germany informed the Romanian government that, in order to receive territorial guarantees, Romania should consider negotiations with the Soviet Union.  Between June 14–17, 1940, the Soviet Union gave ultimatum notes to,the 3 Baltic States and when these ultimata were satisfied, used bases thus gained to occupy these States.  Vichy  France’s capitualtion on June 22 and the subsequent Brits retreat from Europe rendered their assurances of any relevant assistance to Romania meaningless.

Soviet preparations

By directives OV/583 and OV/584 of the Soviet People Commissariat of Defense, military units of OMDS (Odessa Military District) were ordered into battle readiness state in the spring of 1940. Soviet troop concentrations along the Romanian border occurred between April 15 and June 10, 1940.  In order to coordinate the efforts of  Kiev and Odessa military districts in the preparation of hostilities against Romania, the Soviet Army created the Southern  Army under general Jukow  , composed of the 5th, 9th and 12th Armies. The Southern Front had 32 infantry divisions, 2 motorized infantry divisions, 6 cavalry divisions, 11 tank brigades, 3 NKVD paratrooper brigades, 30 artillery regiments, and smaller auxiliary units of the VVS  & VMF  ( Air Force   & Naval Air Fleet  ) primarily air transport units. 

Soviet ultimatum

On June 26, 1940, at 22:00, Soviet People’s Commissar  Molotov presented an ultimatum note to Gheorghe Davidescu, Romanian ambassador to Moscow, in which the Soviet Union demanded the evacuation of the Romanian military and administration from Bessarbia and the northern part of Bucovina . The Soviets stressed their sense of urgency: “Now, that the military weakness of the USSR is a thing of past, and the international situation that was created requires the rapid solution of the items inherited from the past, in order to fix the basis of a solid peace between countries “.    The German Minister of Foreign Affairs J.Ribbentrop was informed by the Soviets of their intentions to send an ultimatum to Romania regarding Bessarabia and Bukovina on June 24, 1940.   During the diplomatic coordination, Ribbentrop mainly expressed concern for the fate of the ethnic Germans in these two provinces, claiming the number of Volks Deutsche to be 120,000, and suggested the Pruth River as a border in Bukovina. He also pointed out that Germany had strong economical interests in the rest of the Romanian territory.

The events were part of a larger context of a Nazi and Soviet build-up in World War II. The text of the ultimatum note sent to Romania of June 26, 1940 incorrectly stated that Bessarabia was populated mainly by Ukrainians of  centuries-old union of Bessarabia, populated mainly by Ukrainians, with the Ukrainian Soviet Republic”. The Soviet government demanded the northern part of Bukovina as a “minor reparation for the enormous loss inflicted to the Soviet Union and Bessarabia’s population by 22 years of Romanian reign over Bessarabia“, and because its ” fate is linked mainly with the Soviet Ukraine by the community of its historical fate, and by the community of language and ethnic composition”. Northern Bukovina has had some historical connections with Galicia annexed by the Soviet Union in 1939, in the effect of the Polish invasion, in the sense that both were part of Austro – Hungaria from the second part of 18th century until 1918.   

Northern Bukovina was inhabited by a compact Ukrainian population that outnumbered Romanians, while Bessarabia was regarded as having a Romanian majority, even though the larger part of the population adopted a “Moldavian” identity. On June 27, during the early hours, Carol II had a meeting with G.Tatarescu and with I.Giurtu the minister for external affairs, after which he invited the ambassadors of both Germany and Italy. Carol reflected his view  to stand against  USSR and asked that their countries influence Hungaria and Bulgaria in the hope of not declaring war against Romania in order to reclaim Transylvania and Dobrogea stating that it would be “in the name of peace” to accept to Soviet demand, the ambassadors urged the King to stand down. On the same day, the Romanian government replied, suggesting it would agree to “immediate negotiations on a wide range of issues “. A second Soviet ultimatum note, that followed on June 27, put forward a specific time frame, requesting the evacuation of the Romanian government from Bessarabia and northern Bukovina within four days

  In the morning of June 28, 1940, insistently advised by both Germany and Italy, the Romanian government, led by Gheorghe Tătărescu, under the semi-authoritarian rule of Carol agreed to submit to the Soviet demands. Without prior notifications or any explanations, the Soviet forces also occupied also the Herta region, part of the Old Romanian Kingdom which was neither part of Bessarabia, nor Bukovina. The decision to accept the Soviet ultimatum and to commence a “withdrawal” (avoiding the usage of the word to cede) from Bessarabia and northern Bukovina was deliberated upon by the Romanian Crown Council during the night of June 27–28, 1940.    During the same night, Carol II also convinced A.Vaida Voevod to be sworn in as minister. Vaida, along with all of the above, signed the final Crown Council recommendation, on which Carol II ordered the Army to stand down. It is not clear whether Vaida participated in the deliberations and the vote itself.

Romanian withdrawal

On June 28, at 9:00, communique no. 25 of the General Staff of the Romanian Army officially announced the contents of the ultimatum to the population, its acceptance by the Romanian government, and the intent to evacuate the army and administration to the Pruth River By 14:00, three key cities — Chişinău, Cernăuţi and Cetatea Albă — had to be turned over to the Soviets. The military installations and concrete fortresses built during a 20-year period for the event of a Soviet agression, were relinquished without a fight, the Romanian Army being placed by its command under strict orders not to respond to any provocation. In conjunction with Bessarabia and N.Bucovina takeover by Russians, a night before the arrival of the regular Russian troops , an extra group of 300 NKVD  paratroopers were sent from Kiev on TB-3’s  planes and parachuted at Balti, Chisinau and Cernauti in order to surprise the Romanian troops during the disarmament campaign.  Facts are missing, details are needed.       Out of a population of 3,776,000 living in the territories occupied by the USSR, of which 2,078,000 (55%) counted as ethnic Romanians 200,000 (of different ethnicities) became refugees and left Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina during the interval June 28 – July 2.   Most of the local population, however, unsure of what to expect next, treated the events with uneasy calmness.

Incorporation of the annexed territories into the USSR & NKVD terror and atrocities campaign in Bessarabia and Bucovina in 1940

As Romania agreed to satisfy Soviet territorial demands, the second plan was put into action on in the morning of 28 June.     By 30 June, the Red Army reached the border along the Prut river.    On 3 July the border was closed completely from the Soviet side.  One month after the military occupation, on August 2, 1940, the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic was established on the main part of the annexed territory, while smaller portions were given to the Ukrainian SSR, both republics of the USSR.    Six Bessarabian counties, and small portions of the other three counties, along with parts of the Moldavian ASSR (formerly part of Ukrainian SSR), which was disbanded on that occasion, formed the Moldavian SSR, which became one of 15 union republics of the USSR.    

The Soviet governmental commission headed by Nikita Krushtschev Ukrainian Communist Party leader , allotted Northern Bukovina, Herta region, and larger parts of Hotin, Ismail, Cetatea Albă counties to  Ukrainia.      During 1940–1941, political persecution of certain categories of locals took the form of arrests, executions and deportations to the eastern parts of the Soviet Union.    According  estimates 33,522 people received a politically motivated sentence, of which 8,360 were sentenced to death, or died during interrogations.

These figures do not include the people shot on the spot who refused to flee in June 1940, for example many of the administration officials. In addition, a large number of people were arrested by NKVD and disappeared. Up to one thousand corpses were discovered after the retreat of the Soviets in 1941 in the cellars, courtyards and wells of the NKVD headquarters in the county centers, including 450 corpses in Chişinau, mostly of priests, university and high school teachers, landowners, businessmen, civil servants and railyway employees,however the produced Romanian figure of the 50’000 killed by NKVD during that period is highly misleading  .

Serious incidents occurred in Northern Bukovina, where attempts of the locals to cross the border towards Romania resulted in the Soviet border guards opening fire against unarmed civilians. This resulted in true massacres, most notably at Fântâna AlThe Soviet governmental commission headed by Nikita Krushtschev Ukrainian Communist Party leader , allotted Northern Bukovina, Herta region, and larger parts of Hotin, Ismail, Cetatea Albă counties to  Ukrainia.     
 During 1940–1941, political persecution of certain categories of locals took the form of arrests, executions and deportations to the eastern parts of the Soviet Union.    According  estimates 33,522 people received a politically motivated sentence, of which 8,360 were sentenced to death, or died during interrogations. These figures do not include the people shot on the spot who refused to flee in June 1940, for example many of the administration officials. In addition, a large number of people were arrested by NKVD and disappeared. Up to one thousand corpses were discovered after the retreat of the Soviets in 1941 in the cellars, courtyards and wells of the NKVD headquarters in the county centers, including 450 corpses in Chişinau, mostly of priests, university and high school teachers, landowners, businessmen, civil servants and railyway employees,however the produced Romanian figure of the 50’000 killed by NKVD during that period is highly misleading .

The installation of Soviet administration was also accompanied by major changes in the economical domain, as private enterprise was forbidden and industrial enterprises were expropriated. By instating high quotas of agricultural products that each landowner had to deliver without payment to the state if the land is cultivated, and by frequent requisitions, the Soviets forced many peasants to give up their land and/or to refrain from cultivating parts of it. As a result, the agricultural production became extremely low. An artificial exchange rate of 40 Romanian lei for 1 Soviet ruble was established, which resulted in Soviet soldiers and officials buying out everything from the shops (generally owned by the local Jewish community) at very low prices within the first two months. As no other goods were being brought in the country, the shops emptied and closed, resulting in a disastrous situation for the service sector of the economy.

Political developments in Romania

The territorial concessions of 1940 produced deep sorrow and resentment among Romanians, and hastened the decline in popularity of the regime led by King Carol II of Romania. Three days after the annexation, Romania renounced the 1939 Anglo-French guarantee. A new government of Ion Gigurtu was sworn in on July, 5th, 1940, which withdrew the country from the League of Nations (July 11, 1940), and announced the desire to join the Axis camp (July 13, 1940). A series of measures taken by Romanian Prime Minister Ion Gigurtu, including official persecution of Jews inspired by the German Nuremberg Laws in July and August 1940, failed to sway Germany from awarding Northern Transylvania to Hungary in the Second Vienna Award on August 30, 1940. This led to a near uprising in the country. On September 5, King Carol II proposed to General (later Marshal) Ion Antonescu, the chief of the Army, to form a new government. Antonescu’s first act was to force the King to abdicate (for the fourth and last time) and flee Romania.

An alliance government was formed by Ion Antonescu with remnants of the Iron Guard Legionary Movement (partly destroyed in 1938; an anti-Semitic fascist party, and took power on September 6, 1940. Mihai, son of Carol II, succeeded him as King of Romania. The country was declared a National Legionary State. Between October 1940 and June 1941, around 570,000 German troops entered Romania alonh with a strong Luftwaffe presence known as DLM . In November, Antonescu signed the Tripartite (Axis) Pact, tying Romania militarily to Germany, Italy, and Japan. In January 1941, the Legionary Movement attempted a coup which failed eventhough was partially supported by SA in Berlin and placed Antonescu firmly in power with the final approval of Hitler. The authoritarian regime of Antonescu (1940–1944) did not restore political parties and elected democracy;  it only co-opted several individual civilians in the government.   Overall, the desire to regain the lost territories was the deciding factor leading to the entry of Romania into World War II on the side of the Axis against the USSR.

p6_2_new  summer 1941 before  ЗамНарком обор    Красноармейцы     2-й Украинский фр&  bes1  besabrasia  besb  besara  bes9    1996ee88cca5  d8470774b773 dc951bb41fdc  ?????? Кишинёв 1940 год, па h  d  Russland, Deportation von Juden  A (3)  b 2101786  A  c  ff  nn hh  gg dd  dd (2)   bessarbs bessarbs2 GALATI

CHAPTER IX

The German &  Romanian occupation of Bessarabia , Moldova and USSR

Then the Germans and Romanians decided they represent god and attacked Russia while also occupying Bessarabia, Moldadvia , Transnistria,Bucovina and Crimea in order to push towards Caucas and the rich oil fields  . The Romanian history citting figures about the NKVD repressions against the local population which are totally exagerated and by no means even these repressions can be compared to what they did in Russia, neither the Russians murdered the local population at the proportions of the German /Rumanian troops in 1941 nor burned and bombed the largest cities around. That’s a fact which speaks for itself.  Take a look at the photos below and judge for yourself .

Bessarb9   Aug 1941 rail  BessarbI    ??????  Bessaraf  41  1941  Bessaram  Bessarag   BessarcP  BessarcR  BessarcO  BessarcK  L  Bessarb7  BessarcF  BessarcI BessarcC Bessarc9  Bessarc6  Bessarc5  Bessarc0  BessarbZ   BessarbY  BessarbX  Bessarb6BessarbT  BessarbO  basto  Bessarav  BessarbE  BessarbB    BessarbA Bessarabien, Abtransport von Umsiedlern  Bessarc7   BessarcJ a   b d  g$   BessarbD

Soviet “secret” weapon ,the obsolete transport of the 20’s era Maxim Gorky abandoned at Balti

000905a7  941 1942  main

The ” Liberated Cernauti ” 1941 ?  A tasteless Romanian Nazi joke

NKVD Spies and Saboteurs parachuted in 1941 in Romania.

On the nights of July and August 1941 NKVD trained agents were parachuted into Romanian flown from Kiev on PS-84 and Balti on TB-3 for the purpose of sabotage, all teams  were captured by Romanian Jandarmerie and few killed on spot. I don’t have names but I am working  on additional details.

BALTI 41 (1)   dc-3 (1) BALTI 41 (2)

CHAPTER- X

GERMAN &  ROUMANIAN RETREAT THROUGH   UKRAINE , BESSARABIA  MOLDOVA & BUCOVINA  1944

44 (1)  44 (2)  44 (3)  44    hg  inf41  Romanian German soldiers

NKVD  Operation “Shoim ”  May-July  1944

In zona Bacaului a activat o formatiune subversiva numita “Soimul”, formata din 11 persoane, antrenate de NKDV la Moscova. Toti erau basarabeni si au fost parasutati in iunie 1944. Misiunea lor era sa dezvolte reteaua de spionaj si diversiune sovietica din zona Moldovei si sa culeaga informatii inaintea ofensivei programate pentru luna august. Grupul s-a ascuns intr-o baza secreta din Bacau si a actionat pe o raza de 150 kilometri in jurul orasului. Seful grupului era A. Corobceanu, secondat de A. Burkovskii, G. Pancenko si A. Gordeev. Niciunul dintre agentii parasutati nu a fost descoperit.

   323gordeev

Goordeev from 1st team, successfully operated.

Nu acelasi noroc l-au avut alti parasutisti rusi: La data de 13/14 mai 1944, în apropierea comunei CAŞIN, au fost capturaţi şi nimiciţi mai mulţi paraşutişti, de către o patrulă formată din 3 subofiţeri de jandarmi. In ziua de 2 iulie 1944, sergentul major Niculiţă Grigore şef de patrulă la postul jandarmi DOFTEANA, împreună cu soldatul de jandarmi Andronache Ioan, au reuşit să prindă în pădurea “Bogata” 4 paraşutişti de la care au capturat: 3 pistoale mitralieră, 3 pistoale mici ruseşti, 1 aparat de radio emisie, 4 hărţi topografie şi mai multe bancnote ruseşti. In zilele de 15 şi 19 iulie 1944, sergentul major Duican Emil, comandantului plutonului de poliţie de la reşedinţa legiunii,împreună cu 12 jandarmi, în urmărirea întreprinsă au prins 5 paraşutişti, dintre care 2 în viaţă, restul de 3 împuşcaţi mortal în timpul luptei, de la care au capturat: 4 pistoale mitralieră, 5 pistoale automate, 3 grenade defensive, 70 de hărţi cu diferite regiuni, 2 paraşute, cartuşe pistol mitralieră, 1 aparat de radio emisie şi un pistol rachetă cu 7 rachete”

Bandas4  filterimage filterimage1

Left : St.Lt.Bandas  KIA  Bacau 1944

Capt. Bandash Lazar (Jewish )  Tanker captain, deputy Chief of Staff of the 39th Armored Division (Third Ukrainian Front), was sent to study at the Military Academy in Moscow, but returned to a combat unit, thinking that he can not learn when others are fighting. In 1944, having received a severe wound in the chest by a Romanian sniper on the street  of Bacau Lazar, died a few months later in the hospital, in the same city, where he is also buried. “He was the most talented of his Jewish family. Order of the Patriotic War Class II , the medal “For Courage” and “For the defense of Stalingrad” .

CHAPTER XI

                                         SOI   CLASSIFIED  OPERATIONS  MANTILLA, RANJI , AUTONOMOUS    

The British Special Operation Executive (SOE) intended to deploy the volunteers as wireless operators and instructors on their liaison missions to the partisans, while the British Military Intelligence branch (MI9) planned to use them to locate and rescue Allied POWs and escapees. Both branches consented to the volunteers’ dual role as British agents and Jewish emissaries. The candidates were selected from the ranks of the Palmach (the strike force of the Jewish military underground), Zionist youth movement activists and Palestinian Jews already serving in the British army. Of the 240 men and women who volunteered, 110 underwent the training program that commenced in Cairo in March 1943.

Because of certain operational difficulties, only 32 of the trained volunteers (including three women) were sent on missions to Europe. Nine of the Jewish parachutists were sent to Romania, three to Hungary, five to Slovakia, ten to Yugoslavia, three to Italy and two to Bulgaria. The first group was dropped into Yugoslavia in May 1943; the last was dropped in southern Austria on the last day of the war. Of the 32 volunteers, twelve were captured. Seven of the twelve were subsequently executed, including Haviva Reik in Slovakia and Hannah Szenes in Hungary. The Jewish parachutists succeeded in making contact with the various national resistance movements in the Balkans, including Tito’s partisans in Yugoslavia. Several were active participants in the Slovak National Uprising. Others succeeded in aiding Allied POWs in Romania and organizing immigration to Palestine in the immediate post-liberation period

Doron_Berdichev_Yaari drop lupesko  jpa Yoel_Palgi RetrieveAsset.aspx Jewish_parachutists_of_Yishuv

Ex Romanian Legionnaires  used  by OSS  & SOI as “mouse trap ” against communist Romania , parachuted and executed  in 1953 by Romania, a CIA stupidity which continues nowadays.

  http://www.miscarea.net/1-cei-treisprezece-monument.htm

http://resources.ushmm.org/film/display/detail.php?file_num=1381

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hKwIo…ature=youtu.be

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZgMts…ature=youtu.be

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WnGwd…ature=youtu.be

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Owlk…1&feature=plcp

CHAPTER XII 

    mihaitheidiot  km_-6-2    1       nav al unif (2)  45 early  TWO IDIOTS a

                       Mihai Hochenzollern Hitlerescu  never fought a war  no pilot    no Admiral   nyet  Russkies    no Politician just a mom’s boy and an oldies collector .

SS  38  nazis s  MIHAI (1)   04-foto5 idiot mihai mihai nazi

Mihai and Carol II , the Royal Romanian error of the last century and Nazi collaborators

 ” Mihai the Brave ” was just a Rumanian order but not so Mihai of Romania , his family never liked Hitler though they worked with him , didn’t want “Pobeda ” order cause he didn’t deserve anyways, nor ever cared for anyone’s interest except his own, Stalin must have been under serious medications to award the enemy Pobeda order which anyways was dumpped to an auction house by our Hollywood boy.     Other than that, his father is seen wearing the Polish Army uniform (above)  , an early acting skill of the Romanian Royalls .

23 feb 1946 - ziua armatei rosii 09 abd M MIHAI ACTOR

First with Antonescu , then with Hitler & Antonescu , then with Stalin & Allies, abdicated ,Sales Rep for Beechcraft Aircraft Co and years back in Romania again. Was this Hochenzoller a mess  ?   or was this mess a Hochenzoller from Romania ?

    mihai  ROMANESTIS (3) MIHAI (2) mihai-susaikov-groza-dej Susaikov   

First with those, then with him  and  those  and then with those  Then again with those.  This guy is really confused  

Here’s our Hochenzollern again , seen after his abdication in the early 50’s , showing great compassion for the events which destroyed his country few years earlier . Of course he’s from Romania !

50's (9) 50's (6)  56 SANTA MONICA  50's (1)

Here’s our young chap again, portraying as Pvt.pilot a privilege he never mastered along with his dominant mom wearing Hellenic AF pilot badge . Those Hochenzollern  are  hillarious  chameleons, adapting themselves any place any weather , today Lion’s friend ,tomorrow Hunter’s aid  .  They were extraordinary people in extraordinary times, and so were the Romanians, never a Nationality but someone else political instrument .

GENEVAlink350's (2)

Sales Rep.for Beechcraft Acft Co.and Link Singer , Geneva , Switzerland 1958

After the coup of August 23, 1944, in which King Michael ordered the arrest of Romania’s pro-German dictator, Ion Antonescu, Soviet troops entered Bucharest and found an interim Romanian government ready to negotiate peace. From the armistice Joseph Stalin fashioned a legal framework for the Soviet Union’s political and economic domination of Romania; he secured this through the imposition of rule by the Romanian Communist Party (RCP). On March 5, 1945, a pro-Soviet government came to power and used the country’s political structure, trade unions, and educational system to make Romania completely subservient to the Soviet Union. A vital step was the dissolution of the major democratic parties in the summer of 1947, and the indictment and imprisonment of their elderly leaders, Iuliu Maniu and Constantin Bratianu, as “agents of Britain and the United States.” Both died in communist prisons, along with many of their associates. Their trial was followed by the enforced abdication of King Michael on December 30, 1947. The RCP moved swiftly to transform Romania, following the Soviet model and employing Stalinist norms and practices. All private enterprises were nationalized in June 1948, and in March 1949 the ownership of land was completely removed from private hands without compensation. The confiscated land was used to create state farms or organized into collectives. Peasant resistance to collectivization resulted in some 80,000 imprisonments, with 30,000 peasants tried in public. Collectivization was finally completed in 1962.

Welcome to United Sates Romania of Ukraine,Poland ,Lithunia etc  2015

0000421e  nazysty

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FROM US EMBASSY BUCHAREST  WEBSITE

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Corruption is a serious problem in Romania. The RLA offers the following general observations, but persons with specific concerns are strongly encouraged to consult with their own legal counsel.

http://romania.usembassy.gov/acs/corruption.html

American citizens seeking or doing business in Romania should be aware of the United States’ Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. (FCPA.) This law felonizes corrupt payments intended to induce the recipient to misuse his official position to wrongfully direct business to the payer or to those for whom the payer is acting. It includes acts by corporations, firms, officers, directors, corporate employees, agents, shareholders acting on behalf of covered firms and corporations, as well as acts by all foreign and domestic intermediaries on behalf of U.S. corporations. The penalties for FCPA violations include imprisonment for up to 5 years and various fines up to $2,000,000. The law also provides for alternate criminal fines up to twice the amount of gross gain to the defendant or gross loss to another, as well as various civil sanctions.

The FCPA does not cover “grease” payments in for performance or expediting of routine governmental action. Commercial bribery can also involve other illegal activity to cover up the source of the funds used to pay the bribes and the trace of those funds. FCPA violations can be accompanied by mail fraud, wire fraud, stock fraud and tax fraud. Beyond these laws are a host of other felony laws that punish individuals who knowingly assist or protect those who engage in illegal corrupt practices. Under U.S. law those who conspire with and those who knowingly assist (aid and abet) lawbreakers are criminally liable.

The criminal law also reaches those who are accessories, even after the crime had been completed, those who intentionally conceal the felony crimes of others and those who launder proceeds of certain types of crimes. On the Romanian side, receiving a bribe, giving a bribe, accepting undue benefits and influence trafficking are specifically prohibited by Romanian penal law. These laws are to varying degrees enforced. During the years 1994-1999 the Romanian government reports that 2,681 individuals were convicted for various acts of corruption. Of this number, the largest amount of convictions were obtained for accepting a bribe, 1359, just over 50%. In 2000 Romania amended its corruption laws by expanding the scope of the pre-existing laws, and increasing some penalties. These amendments are now in force. Under these amendments, private business managers are now exposed to the same penalties as public employees for accepting a bribe or influence trafficking. ================================================================================================================================================ Romania 2012     Crime and Safety Report       INTERPOL   HDQ 

Transportation Security; Threats; Surveillance; Stolen items; Winter weather; Information Security; Financial Security; Cyber; Bribery; Drug Trafficking; Extortion; Fraud; Human Trafficking; Theft Europe > Romania > Bucharest 2/20/2012 – 2013 Overall Crime and Safety Situation Romanian  Crime Threats Most crimes against visitors are crimes of opportunity.

Travelers should be aware of scams involving individuals posing as plain-clothed police officers; approaches of “quick friendship” at train/subway stations; and pick-pocketing in crowded areas. Exercise caution when traveling to Romania to meet individuals known only through contact over the Internet.   Panhandlers – often groups of children — can be aggressive and have resorted to grabbing/tearing clothing in their efforts to distract and steal from their target. When dining in restaurants, visitors should not hang handbags or suit coats on the backs of chairs. Wallets and other valuables can/will be stolen if caution is not exercised. Extreme care should be taken when patronizing “night clubs,” which can charge exorbitant prices and are relentless in pursuing payment.

Additionally, simple assaults directed against Americans outside of clubs, usually late at night, after alcohol has been consumed and the victim is alone are possible. Credit card and Internet fraud are among the most common crimes affecting foreigners in Romania. Additionally and recently also Romanian Armed Forces personnel in Afghanistan and Iraq were subjects to various fraud investigations by NATO and US Military Police. ===================================================================================================================================

Organized Romanian Criminal Groups Targeted by Department of Justice

U.S. Department of Justice May 20, 2014

WASHINGTON—An ongoing Internet fraud scheme conducted by several networks of organized cyber criminals in Romania and the United States has been disrupted as a result of a series of law enforcement actions coordinated since 2010 between Romanian and U.S. law enforcement, including numerous arrests and searches that took place yesterday in Romania. More than 100 individuals have been arrested and charged in Romania and judicial districts in the United States as a result of close cooperation between the Romanian General Inspectorate of Police, Directorate for Combating Organized Crime, the Romanian Directorate for Investigating Infractions of Organized Crime and Terrorism (DIICOT), the Romanian Intelligence Service (SRI), the General Directorate of Jandarmeria in Romania (GIJR) and the FBI, the U.S. Secret Service, the Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Section (CCIPS) in the Justice Department’s Criminal Division, and the U.S. Attorneys’ Offices for the Southern District of Florida, the Western District of Pennsylvania and the Eastern District of Missouri. Yesterday, Romania law enforcement executed 117 searches targeting more than 100 individuals allegedly involved in the fraudulent scheme involving fake sales of merchandise through the Internet. Romanian law enforcement targeted individuals organizing and perpetrating this fraud from Romania.

“Those Who Forget the Past are Doomed to Repeat It “

 

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278 thoughts on “Romanian Army Atrocities in WWII

  1. The Romanian Army (as well as all the armies in the world) during a war punished all those who sabotaged the army. On eastern front a lot of Jews were communists and they ambushed Romanian Army.
    I HAVE A MESSAGE FOR MatteraJohn: YOU HAVE A NAZI WAY OF THINKING.

    • I can partially agree but who started the WWII, who allowed SonderGruppeOst to be stationed in Romania
      and then murder ethnics across Russia ? Romanian Army deserved the defeat and each Romanian officer should have been
      kept in Siberia or either shot rather let a Jew Romanian such as Pauker integrate them into Tudor Vladimirescu .
      You as Romanians are the last to call someone Nazi and bitch about your losses coze your grandfathers were Fascists and
      Nazis. If I would have been Stalin I would have sent many more of your grandfathers to the firing squads rather let
      you have a country today !

  2. One thing about the Swiss role in WWII, yes they did lots of wrong
    stuff including with the US airmen interned in Switzerland
    and the return of trains full of Jews and escapee from Germany
    who sought refuge in Swizerland.

    However I dont remember any extermination camps in Switzerland
    neither any Swiss war criminal which can be compared with the
    Germans, Austrians,Romanians and Hungarian.

    And since you are a member of Romanian WWII, do me a favour
    and ask the members overthere such as “Fratello ” allias
    Alexandru Arma and other who keep sending lots of spam that
    I keep monitoring their IP’s and I am reporting all these
    disturbances !

  3. Paul
    Your statement shows that you you didn’t properly read my both Blogs, if you
    would , you would have noticed that your questions are answered,

    I didn’t hear about Vraciu , I spoke to him in the long past in similar to Guenther Rall
    Hartmann, etc. His family wouldn’t have left Romania if everything was fine in there.
    Also about ” Bazu” I mentioned on my Blogs that I have great respect for him and was
    a great pilot though on August 23, 1944 Hartmann JG52 and Bazu Esc. Vnt.were far apart from
    oneanother and he may not even been on the air on that day.

    Your remarks about US policies have nothing to do with my topics and are pure business matters in
    similar to Marcel Dassualt and banktupt SAAB was trying to sell the Mirage and Grippen with dirty
    tricks to Hungaria and to you.

    Regarding the US interventions, is because your country asked for their help and they borrowed
    you their tax payers money that is why they can dictate you whatever they want, Sweeds and French
    didn’t take into to NATO and no other country more than US advocated your NATO membership.

    Your remarks are of general nature and it shows your knowledge is limited. By the
    way is called Dresden and not Dresda and I speak German and other 5 languages fluent
    The question is howmany do you speak and how much you really know about the history you
    question.

  4. Paul

    Of course I heard, and I am sure Tibor heard it too, of course you are right
    about Hungaria’s role in WWII. As into Romania yes they fought against the
    Nazies and Pauker brought you the Tudor Vladimirescu myth from Siberian ice
    though what other choice your country had ? Last words of Alex Serbanescu
    “better die than betray the German friends “…..this answers all your
    questions

  5. Paul :

    I elected to post your stuff because your language seems to be more intellectual
    than this of your compatriots,as long people seek to intellectually discuss
    rather than call names and spam me with patriotic garbage & slogans , this meets
    the criteria of having the remarks posted.

    In hindsight, this what Romania did in WWII was from the beginning on a huge
    error a mistake by a leader swept up by his own propaganda system and a grand
    plan of seeding new identity and new laws by a weak and beaten up regime under
    pressure by nationalists fascists and Hitler.

    Having faced an ultimatum by the Russians and then losing land to an agreement
    between Hitler the Russians and Hungarians,your country justified the need
    to surrender the land to the Germans, become a main offensive Ally of Hitler ,
    mount land invasion in Russia and start ethnic cleansings in Romanian and
    beyond its borders to crush Russia and make them be your labour slaves.

    Obviously your country is “increasingly dismayed and disillusioned” during
    the last years by having faced rapid transitions from Gheorgiu Dej years of
    tirany into this of Ceausescu’s regime, the fall of German wall and Ceausescu’s execution
    rapidly ending up into a Westernised shapped society which led you into a new system
    of lawleness and poverty.Unfortunately and like the past the solution during harsh ecconomic
    times seems to be the rebirth of Fascisms,ethnical turmoil and radicalism clearly displayed now
    by your new generation rather than constructively seeks ways out of the crise not permitting
    the painful past to return to replace the present and by putting aside the terrible guilt
    of your nation from 72 years ago, especially that your Nation never made any repayments such
    as Germany, Japan, Italy , Finland did , and to no one.

    Of course wars no matter what , were and remain profit oriented. In WWII as long the profits were up
    even the worst Hitler’s murderers were ready to replace Nazi ideology ,the Final Solution the Bolscheviks
    and minorities with minding their own profits and interests, and so Antonescu and your country did .

    Needless to remind the Kastner Train , the Schindlers List, The Wannsee Konferenz , the Vlasov Army ,
    the SS Muslim Regiment,Croats SS and Lufwaffe, Slovak Luftwaffe
    units or cite “fat boy ”
    Hermann’s famous statement about Gen.Milch « I decide who is Jew and who isn’t «

    Lots of Romanian readers spend efforts to force me custom fit their history which themselves don’t understand
    it an inch ,calling names upon disagreement. In fact the military and aviation history of your country was written
    on numerous good books by numerous authors such as Craciunoiu, Gherghina ,Chazanov,
    even Denes & Karlenko
    and yet some of your countrymen wants claim more, they glorify military achievements
    which never were nor Romania was ever capable of producing them ,and reshape a Nazi criminal as a national hero.

    Obviously , your society is highly devided over Euro and Dollar Zone crises the renewed presence
    of the Royals ,profit oriented system, the rich and the poor and the old powers changing roles,
    even women liberation values from the West mostly in your attempt to copy our values which
    brought our Western society down.

    Your remarks however,gets you in the minorit and soon u’ll discover yourself totally alone and
    isolated because nowadays most of your fellow Romanians won’t see it your way and reject the
    intellectual approach increasingly frustrated over the failure of your system in Romania.

    Yes, Col.John Kane memorial at Cismigiu , Holocaust on one side and Antonescu’s monument
    on the other side , even a newly rebuilt Ceausescu’s grave. These were the signs you mentioned
    and the warnings given !

  6. Thank you for your comments , one thing I wonder is why people remarks communism simpathies just because I disclosed the truth as it was ?! secondly , take a better
    look at my stuff , you will notice there is nothing to do with communism on my research.

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